Current General Studies (CGS) Archive

2017-CGS-16: May 26 -May 31, 2017

GS-II: Mechanisms and Laws for Vulnerable SectionsVarious Issues around Prison ReformsPrisons are a subject of state list in Indian constitution. The prisons in most states in India face problems of overcrowding, corruption, discrimination, inequality, issues of sanitation, food and health related issues. The women prisoners face sexual violence and so on.  The issue of prison reforms

2017-CGS-15: May 16 -May 25, 2017

Model Questions“India’s refusal to participate in China’s One Belt One Road initiative is a bold and pragmatic foreign policy move.” Discuss critically.What are the China’s Plans on Bunji and Bhasha Dams and what are its strategic Implications? Explain.What were the key recommendations of Ranjit Roy Chaudhary committee on Clinical trials? What is current policy stance

2017-CGS-14: May 6 -May 15, 2017

Model QuestionsTo what extent, India’s coastal security apparatus has strengthened since the Mumbai terror attacks? Do you identify some critical gaps in the same? Examine critically.Recently, Ministry of Power has decided to introduce reverse e-auction in the bidding for short-term power procurement. What are its advantages and disadvantages with respect to government, power producers and

2017-CGS-13: April 21 – May 5, 2017

Model QuestionsWhat are the key recommendations of P J Nayak Committee report on governance problems in functioning of the Public Sector Banks? Critically assess these recommendations and possible implications of accepting them on Indian economy.What are the key disruptive trends of the so called Industry 4.0 (Fourth Industrial Revolution)? Discuss while highlighting the importance of

2017-CGS-12: April 15 to 20, 2017

Model QuestionsWhile considering Mutiny of 1857 as the first war of Independence, we generally accept Mangal Pandey as the first martyr of Indian freedom struggle. However, there were many others who revolted (against British) even before 1857. Elucidate the role of some of such unsung heroes whose martyrdom / revolt pre-dates 1857.The Bhim Aadhaar Pay

2017-CGS-11: April 15, 2017

Model QuestionsTo what extent, it is justified to call “Champaran Movement” a revolutionary or peasant movement. Examine critically.Champaran Constitutes a Landmark in the rise of mass politicization of India. Do you agree with this statement? Explain.To what extent, the recent proposal of Japanese Prime Minister regarding new constitition of that country is capable to bring

2017-CGS-10 [March 25, 2017]

Model Questions“Unlike Tamil Shaiv Siddhanta, the Kashmir Shaivism is non-dualistic.” Examine the validity of this statement while throwing light upon the salient features of and philosophy of Kashmir Shaivism.“Despite of a weak representation in institutional politics, women in North East are known for their active participation in social, economic, cultural and political life.” Discuss critically

2017-CGS-9 [March 6, 2017]

GS-I: Indian Society1. Sports Leagues and Commercialization of SportsThe commercialization of sports in India started in 2008 with the inauguration of Indian Premier League (IPL) in cricket. This was followed by an array of such leagues including Hockey India League, Indian Badminton League, Pro-Kabaddi League, Pro-wrestling League, Hero I-League, Indian Women’s League and so on.

2017-CGS-8 [February 27, 2017]

GS-III- Science and Technology Developments; GS-II: Governance Related IssuesAadhaar and E-KYC: Various IssuesReliance JIO and other telecom operators in these days are relying on Aadhaar data for customer verification before activating the SIM Cards. This article analyzes how such private players are able to access the Aadhaar data and what are issues related to this.Key

2017-CGS-7 [February 20, 2017]

1. Duties and Functions of Controller General of Accounts (CGA) During April-December 2016, the fiscal deficit of the government had reached 93.6% of the government estimates. This implies that government will miss the targets and fiscal deficit may be more than 105% by the end of April. Similarly, revenue deficit may be around 114% of

2017-Mains CGS-6 {February 6, 2017}

GS-II: Social Justice, Employment 1. Trends in Employment Elasticity in India Employment elasticity is a measure of the percentage change in employment associated with a 1% change in economic growth. It indicates the ability of an economy to generate employment opportunities for its population as per cent of its growth process. This implies that when

2017-Mains CGS-5 {January 30, 2017}

Model Questions Why it is argued that development model should be demand-driven? Discuss. In your view, what can be implications of making governor devoid of his power to reserve bills for presidential assent? Critically discuss while keeping in focus article 200 of the constitution. “Despite many flaws that demand reform, India’s PDS (Public Distribution System)

2017-Mains CGS-4 {January 23, 2017}

Model Questions For Mains In the light of various problems faced by CAPART, do you think that CAPART should be disbanded? Suggest any alternative way for NGO-Government partnership in development industry of the country. With suitable examples, discuss the reasons behind rise of National-Populists across the world in recent years. In recent years, production of

2017-Mains CGS-3 {January 9, 2017}

Model Questions Examine the possible implications of the policy of reservation of jobs for local residents of a state on labour mobility and economy in general. “Personal genomics can play a very promising role in the field of health sector around the world in future”. What do you understand by personal genomics and how does

2017-CGS-2: December 26, 2016 to January 2, 2017

Mains Model Questions India’s Border Area Development Programme (BADP) not only provides comprehensive approach to Border Management, but also focuses on socio-economic development of the people living in border areas. Critically discuss the success and failures of this programme with respect to India’s borders on eastern and western front. How the technology developments are useful

2017-CGS-1: December 20 to 25, 2016

Articles / MonographsKey Scientific Inventions of 2016 [For Prelims]The role of science in inventions cannot be overlooked. From the spinning wheel and the steam engine to modern warfare and supercomputers, science and technology has profoundly influenced human civilization. Scientific revolutions have gained speed and have become more and more advanced  with every passing century, that today they have become

CGS-25 to 30: GS Mains 2016 [Part-2: Questions & Answers]

This is the second part of CGS-25-30. This part has 100 questions and answers on current issues and topics including select topics from our previous CGS Modules and has been written keeping revision of major topics within less time. Pro-Kabaddi What changes have taken place in Kabaddi over the ages? What contribution has been of

CGS-25 to 30: 200 Topics for GS Mains 2016 [Part-1]

Topic 1. SAARC Minus Pakistan SAARC, the economic and geopolitical group of eight South Asian countries viz. Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka, is going through a crucial phase in current times. Amid deteriorating Indo-Pak relations, government of India’s decision to skip the SAARC summit; and similar follow up by other

CGS-24: July 16, 2016 to August 10, 2016

Model Questions Critically examine the advantages and risks for India from the proposed Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP). Do you agree with the view that joining RCEP can be more fruitful for India with respect to its manufacturing goods in comparison to services? Give arguments. While explaining the four modes of services under General Agreement

CGS-23: July, 1 – 15, 2016

Model Questions Despite several advantages, the researchers are yet to create commercially viable nuclear fusion reactors to produce energy. Explain various reasons. With reference to nuclear energy, differentiate between the Boiling Water Reactors (BWR), Pressurized Water Reactors (PWR) and Heavy Water Reactors. Which of them is more popular and why? What do you understand by