General Studies Paper-II: Quick Links

Paper-II of General Studies Mains and Indian Polity Part of Prelims are part of our milestones 4, 5 and 6 to be completed tentatively by 25 April 2016. We have started working and updating the modules with aim to finish the entire GS Paper-II by the given date. This page will be frequently updated as we put links of new documents here.

Prelims Modules

List of Tentative Modules for Mains

The below list is tentative, some documents would be readjusted as we work on them.


  • Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
  • Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein. Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.
    • Module-6: Functions and Responsibilities of Union and States and Seperation of Powers
    • Module-7: Federalism in India-Issues and Challenges
    • Module-8: Devolution of Power and Finance in India: Various Issues
    • Module-9: Dispute Redressal Mechanisms and Institutions. 
  • Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries
    • Module-10: Comparison of Indian Constitution with other Countries
  • Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
    • Module-11: Various Issues Related to Legislature
  • Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Department of the Government
    • Module-12: Ministries and Departments. 
  • Pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
    • Module-13: Pressure Groups and Formal / Informal Associations
  • Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.
  • Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies. Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies
    • Module-15: Various Issues regarding Constitutional, Statutory, Regulatory and Quasi-judicial Bodies.


  • Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
    • Module-16: Government Policies and Interventions
  • Development processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders
    • Module-17: Development Industry
  • Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
    • Module-18: Analysis of welfare Schemes by Government – Social Sector 
    • Module – 19: Analysis of welfare schemes by Government – Public Health
    • Module -20: Analysis of Welfare Schemes by Government – Education and Human Resources
  • Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
    • Module-21: Issues Related to Poverty and Hunger


During this milestone, GKToday will cover the below part of your GS Paper-II

  • Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.
    • Module-22: Important Aspects of Governance in India
  • Role of civil services in a democracy.
    • Module-23: Role of Civil Services
  • India and its neighborhood- relations.
    • Module-24: India’s Foreign Policy and Its Neighbors
  • Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests. Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora. Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate
    • Module 25:International Organizations


  • Alok Ranjan


    I must say that i feel blessed to have joined your program. I hope that the above outlay will cover each topic in best possible manner. Regarding mains module 18,19,20, you have done a good job of categorizing the sectors, this will ensure nothing goes missing. If possible, can you add one more document covering landmark judgement of Supreme court of India regarding decisions related to every aspect of constitution. If you have already planned to cover it then no issue. Also, Sir, please begin with mains test series it will help build pressure to work hard. Hope you will come up with WPWB for this month very soon.


  • Kannan

    Sir, the plan sounds good..thank u so much Sir for unconditional efforts for us..

  • Avijit Mukherjee

    Thank you so much sir, for all your hard work ..

    Many blessings

  • Ravi Shankar Yelam

    Each document uploaded by you brings my confidence a step ahead. Each document is a masterpiece. Thanks Suresh Sir :)

  • viveksharma

    Sir, do we need to go through the GS manual 2014 additional to the above content or the above content is all inclusive?


      Hello Vivek, GS Manual 2014 Polity Part is not needed now.

  • viveksharma

    Ok Sir. Thank You.

  • viveksharma

    Sir, I have some queries. Any way I can ask these? Chat or something?


      Kindly call at around 3.30.


    Support is commendable Sir

  • soumyajit ghosh

    hello sir, i joined the target 2016 recently and iam really thankful to you for your support..i just wanted to know that GS manual 2014 is of how much importance for prelims 2016? Sir, this would be my first attempt..a bit nervous.. I shall remain ever grateful if you could kindly reply to my question..thank you sir


      Hello Soumyajit, GS Manual was written in 2012 and 13. We have already streamlined economy, environment, science and polity modules. What left is Geography, History and Culture, which don’t involve much change except that new modules would be less bulky and more precise; all redundant information removed from them. These modules have accuracy of information to a great extent because of their multiple revisions. As far as importance in exam is concerned, your competition is on 90 questions; and most of them are directly based on topics covered.

  • Parthu Sahu

    Hello Sir,
    In a module it says ..
    Currently, Indian Constitution has 26 Parts plus a preamble. That means 26 + 1 preamble = 27 ??
    Is it a typo ?


      Its not a typo. 26 parts is when u count including repealed and newly added parts. Preamble is a part of constitution for the purpose of basic structure doctrine. It is not among these 26 parts.

  • Neelofar Hayat

    sir,there is some error to opening module 5 and 6.

  • soumyajit ghosh

    Thank you so much for the reply sir..

  • rupinder sidhu

    Good afternoon Respected sir, who is the chairman of finance and staff commitee and how many total amendments has been done??


      Hello Rupinder, Chairman-Rajendra Prasad; Total Amendments Done- 100, so far last one is on LBA

  • Ravi Shankar Yelam

    Suresh Sir,

    Can we assume that the prelims documents is suffice for polity prelims part.


      Yes, it would suffice, let me complete uploading all 10 docs.

  • ashish singh

    Hello Sir,
    First of all thanks a lot for all these efforts.very much helpful for us.
    I have a little doubt. By chance i was reading your polity manual 2014 the day before yesterday and today when i checked this newly updated i found much differences.for example in 2014 manual for citizenship you have well explained the articles 5-10 etc that was very simple and lucid.Enjoyed that reading.but here in updated document all this have been removed you directly started from citizenship act 1955. As in some comment above you have suggested to skip manual of 2014.I mean the skipped things will be covering in some other ways or how should we proceed.
    Kindly suggest it would be fine to skip these things.



      Hello Ashu, Before Citizenship act starts, there is a paragraph on Constitutional Provisions on Citizenship which notes:
      1. Any person living in India since or before January 26, 1945 was an Indian Citizen.
      2. Those who came to India from Pakistan before July 19, 1948 would automatically become Indian Citizens.
      3. Those who came to India from Pakistan after July 19, 1948, would become Indian citizens but they would need to register as prescribed by Indian Government.
      4. If a person had migrated to Pakistan but then decided to return back and live here in India permanently, would need to get a separate “permit”.
      5. If a person is living abroad but either he was born in India or his parents / grandparents were born in undivided India, then he can be registered as citizen of India by the diplomatic or consular representatives in that country.
      These five lines are summary of constitutional provisions which I dealt in 2 pages in Manual-2014. The current documents are short to the extent that almost every para has some information to be asked in prelims exam. Further, few things we have moved to Mains Documents. For example, Balwant Rai Mehta committee, Ashok Mehta Committee etc. are in “Evolution and Historical Underpinnings” document, which deals with evolution of not only its constitution in British Era but also various parts of it during various amendments. Similarly, “Freedom of Expression” is discussed in much detail in “Analysis of Key Features & Provisions of Constitution India” document.
      I would suggest to revise the current prelims documents for better revision and to the point study targeting prelims MCQs.

    • ashish singh

      Dear Sir,

      Thanks a lot for the response. I got the things now.your quick reply is really appreciated.Thank you


  • ishak khan

    Thanks sir

  • mayank singh

    sir in impeachment of president nominated member of either house of parliament can participate . But the document( pre polity 4 ) says nominated member of lok sabha and rajya sabha cant participate in impeachment also


      Hello Mayank, they participate in impeachment, don’t participate in election. Updated that line.

  • yugandhar

    Can we expect quick tit-bits of Economic survey and Budget 2015-16 docs??
    If possible please provide them sir.


      Hello Yugandhar, highlights have been published by most news sites, I will write our own documents for Prelims and Mains and will begin from tomorrow.

    • yugandhar

      Thank you Sir.

  • Achintaya Mayank

    sir one query- in polity 7 module- ist line is written “The subject of ‘Local Government’ is mentioned in the State List under the Seventh Schedule of the Constitution.” but in the same module on page 13 in comment section it is written “The Local Government, which was part of the state list has been added to the concurrent list, thus both State and Union Governments can make laws on them.”. sir please explain this. it is unclear. thnks sir on advance.


      Hello Mayank,
      Thank you for pointing out this. My statement was not correct. Local Government including self- government institutions in both urban and rural areas being exclusively a State subject under the legislative Entry 5 of the State List of the Seventh Schedule, the Union Government cannot enact any law relating to these subjects. However, what the part IX-A (and also IX) has done is to outline the Scheme which would be implemented by the States by making laws or amending their own existing laws to bring them in conformity with the provisions of the Constitution (74th Amendment) Act. Union Government’s role is catalytic within the meaning of “economic and social planning” under concurrent list. {updated in module}

  • Nagendra Kumar

    Hi Suresh,
    your doing an excellent work. As you mentioned History,Geography & Culture doesn’t require so much effort from you , it would be great if you can publish them early, i feel these topics are scoring and requires multiple revision to remember them.
    Thanks a lot for your support. Great work.


      Hello Nagendra, Yes, you are right. Will try to provide them asap.

  • viveksharma

    Sir, I have completed Indian Constitution by Laxmikant, Edition 4. So, should I skip any documents? If yes then please specify which documents?


      Hello Vivek, These documents are crisp and revision friendly and not in too many pages. Rest you will decide.

  • Amitav

    Sir, module-4, page 21, lok sabha term
    Original constitution had 5yr term, it was changed to 6yr by 42nd amendment and again it was changed to 5yr by 44th amendment

  • Anubhav Modi

    Hi Suresh – Please let me know if you are also covering PRS Monthly review documents ? Also request you to kindly upload History/Geography material earlier as they are crucial for Prelims and mostly independent of current affairs. Thanks


      Hello Anubhav, no we don’t cover PRS monthly review. Basic source material is newspapers. Working towards early release of remaining static prelims documents.

  • saurabh verma

    looks like there is subtle mistake in Module 1 vis a vis Schedule 2 of the constitution, Attorney General should not be in that list. Correct me if I am wrong.


      Hello Saurabh, yes, it was mistake. It was corrected later.

  • durgam rajababu

    Hello sir is there any changes in salary of CJI and judeges of supreme court and high court after enforcement of 7th pay scale.


      Hello Raja Babu, Pay commission does not make recommendations for judges. However, government generally increases that just to keep the pays of judges at par with bureaucracy. One example is here.

  • Abhishek Luthra

    does Union Executive Includes PM ?


      Yes , It does

  • Shalini Tyagi

    Hello sir
    Please direct me to the old link of GKT which contains the above gs 2 mains topics esp. governance , Repeesentation of Peoples ACT and pressure groups. I want to read some selective static portion.