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Key to CGS-2016 Documents

CGS-1: September 15 to 22, 2015

Prelims MCQ Topics

DTTI, Law Commission of India – History, Importance, Composition, Global Initiative of Academic Network (GIAN), Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana, District Mineral Foundations, Health Effects of Mobile Tower Radiation, Small Finance Banks and Payment Banks and their comparison, CCTNS, Paryushan and Daslakshana, Proposed RCEP Members and region, National Judicial Data Grid.

Mains Model Questions
  1. Till late 1990s, India was seen as a regional power in South Asia without any global weight. To what extent this perception has changed in the international community? What are the factors that led to this change in perception?
  2. Examine the key issues created by the so called “Parallel Safeguards” and “Right to Recourse” in context with Indo-US nuclear cooperation.
  3. “The Indo-US nuclear deal marked a turning point in India-US relations; ending India’s nuclear apartheid. But ironically, this deal is still remaining unimplemented.” Critically examine various issues and progress made thereupon so far.
  4. Examine the role being played by so called “Carter Initiative” and the DTTI towards cooperative research, co-production, and co-development of capabilities in the area of India-US Defence Relations.
  5. Examine the composition and importance of Law Commission of India.
  6. “Though India has not been able to set up campuses of Foreign Universities here; the GIAN initiative seems to be a turning point in higher education.” Discuss.
  7. To what extent the establishment of District Mineral Foundations (DMFs) is capable to alleviate the problems of the people living in mining affected areas? Examine in the light of recently amended Mines and Minerals Act.
  8. In recent years, the problem of call drops in the country has deteriorated. Consumers complain that even after paying for a service, why they should be denied of reasonable call quality? Discuss the reasons and suggest policy solution in this direction.
  9. “The business model of the small finance banks is such that they are aimed to serve the small borrowers.” Discuss differentiating them from Payment banks.
  10. The concept of payment banks seems to be a novel concept having financial inclusion its most likely outcome. However, some have expressed doubts over their viability and scalability. Examine the issue throwing light on their business model.
  11. The CCTNS system has its own advantages for all stakeholders in law & order. However, its implementation has been deferred several times by now. What are the major issues? Discuss.
  12. What is alter-globalisation? Do you think it’s a viable alternative to globalisation? Justify your answer.
  13. How in the changing geopolitical scenario CTBT (comprehensive nuclear test ban treaty) and NPT (Nuclear non proliferation treaty) are unable to avoid nuclear warfare? What are the global checks to nuclear safety and India’s stand on it?
  14. Discuss the importance of Paryushan and Das Lakshana in Jainism.

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CGS-2: September 23 to October 2, 2015

Model Questions for Mains
  1. “Maoist insurgency in Nepal brought a paradigm change in the fundamental parameters of politics.” Critically examine the rise of Maoists and factors behind their success in Nepal.
  2. Trace the history of the so called “Terai rights” movements in Nepal. To what extent the recently promulgated constitution has addressed the issue of Terai Rights and rights of other groups? Examine.
  3. Examine the various phases of Nepal’s transformation from a Hindu monarchy to secular republic giving reference to the various Constitutions in the country.
  4. Are states in India competent to make laws on National Security along with Public law and Order? Discuss in the light of recently passed GCTOC and provisions of seventh schedule in the constitution of India.
  5. What do you understand by Climate Exiles? Discuss the types and current trends.
  6. Trace the origin of Sedition law in India. Who were the targets of this law among India’s freedom fighters? Discuss.
  7. “There is a grey area which lies between actual sedition law and its implementation in India.” Critically examine the statement giving your view against or in favour of section 124-A of Indian Penal code.
  8. “India has a huge variety of soft power resources.” Evaluate.
  9. What do you understand by the so called “Intended Nationally Determined Contributions”? Discuss their importance and analyze the India’s stand on INDCs in recent times.
  10. “Indian judicial system is reeling under a back-breaking load of 3 Crore pending cases in various levels of the courts across the country.” Suggest steps to tackle the situation.
  11. “India’s expatriate community has been long demanding the facility to cast their vote from abroad.” Examine the issue and current policy stance of the Government. Why such rights have not been given to domestic migrants? Discuss.
  12. Jagmohan Dalmiya is truly known as “India’s Kerry Packer.” Explain.

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CGS-3: October 3 to October 15, 2015

Model Questions for Mains
  1. “Although Right to Privacy has not been mentioned explicitly in Part-III of the constitution, yet it has established itself as a fundamental right enforceable against state.” Explain.
  2. Critically discuss the various arguments on the basis of which the Aadhaar project has been challenged for violating the right to privacy. To what extent do you agree with these views? Discuss.
  3. Examine the concerns about privacy issues with Digital India programme.
  4. “Serious concerns have been raised regarding various provisions of Human DNA Profiling Bill ranging from its reliability to its potential for misuse and errors.” Discuss.
  5. What do you understand by Right to Privacy? Examine various issues around Right to Privacy in recent times in India.
  6. Discuss the key roles and responsibilities of MUDRA Bank throwing light on three-pronged classification of the borrowers. Do you see any conflict in its roles versus responsibilities. Discuss.
  7. How Can MUDRA Bank Make a Difference to the Indian Economy? Examine giving substantial arguments.
  8. “The success of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is doubtful until toilet building is not accompanied by Behavioural change in the masses.” What do you understand by this statement? Examine the need and ways to achieve this behavioural change.
  9. “Poor implementation of sanitation schemes is the reason that India is plagued with health and hygiene issues.” In the light of this statement discuss why Swachh Bharat Mission seems to be non-starter even after one year of its launch.
  10. In comparison to the simple and less ambitious eight MDGs, the SGDs is a mammoth list of goals and targets. Discuss critically.
  11. “Total elimination of poverty require more than charity.” Discuss in the light of fiscal requirements around recently adopted Sustainable Development Goals.
  12. “We’ve got to make sure we’re writing the trade rules in the fastest-growing region of the world, the Asia-Pacific, as opposed to having China write those rules for us”. Critically examine the statement.
  13. “Even though the magnitude of impact from trade diversion on India when the TPP is in place can be debated, it is certain that trade and investment diversions hurting the Indian economy is most likely to occur.” Discuss how the recent changes in global trade regimes might affect Indian Economy.
  14. What do you understand by Voluntary Provident Fund (VPF) and Unrecognized Employee Provident Funds (EPF)? Discuss.
  15. “An independent nation cannot progress if it relies upon the Western concepts like individualism, democracy, socialism, communism, capitalism etc.” Discuss in the light of Integral Humanism as ascribed to Deen Dayal Upadhyaya.
  16. What do you mean by Commercial surrogacy? Discuss in the light of the recently drafted / enacted bills in India.
  17. “TV Whitespace technology seems to be cost-effective technology to provide broadband service in rural India.” Explain.
  18. What is Cold Atom Laboratory? Discuss its role and functions.

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CGS-4: October 16 to 25, 2015

Prelims MCQ Questions

Which Nobel Prize is given by which body?, Basic knowledge about Neutrinos, Neutrino Oscillation, Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet, River Blindness, Lymphatic Filariasis, Section 8 of RTI, Shah Bano Case, JJ Act 2014 in context with Uniform Civil Code, Appointment of judges in Higher Judiciary, Collegium System, three sub-indices of Global Competitiveness Index, Capital Goods, Kaladan Multi Modal Transit Transport Project, Ketoprofen, name of vulture safe drug, ICL versus CFL versus LED in terms of efficiency, hazards and life, How LED bulb works?, Central Victim Compensation Fund, Difference between BOT-Annuity and BOT-Toll, Difference between BOT and EPC, Hybrid Annuity Model, Spectrum Trading, Oxybenzone, Rashtriya Arogya Nidhi, BGR-34, National Tribal Advisory Council, Narmada Nidhi

Mains Model Questions
  1. To what extent, the discovery of so called “Neutrino Oscillation” has potential to change our understanding of the fundamental particles of the nature? Discuss.
  2. Critically examine the role of Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet in Post-Jasmine Revolution phase.
  3. “Jasmine Revolution in Tunisia was trigger for Arab Spring. However the post revolution path of Tunisia was very different compared to other nations affected by Arab Spring.” Explain.
  4. “Success of democracy is based on civil society organisations and the legitimacy of political organisations.” Discuss giving reference to democratic transition in Tunisia. What lessons in this context India can learn? Opine.
  5. “A large part of Nobel Laureate Angus Deaton’s work is related to India.” Examine his contribution to Indian economic policy making.
  6. One of the legacies of British colonial rule in India is the secrecy regime.” Discuss throwing light on various secrecy laws and factors contributing to secrecy culture in India.
  7. To what extent, Right to Information has been able to enable the transition of country from the secrecy regime of the colonial era to a more modern and democratic transparency regime of today. Examine Critically.
  8. “Article 44 in the Constitution of India is mere symbolism and country has not been able to go beyond rhetoric in implementation of this article.” Amplify.
  9. Explain the current procedure of appointment of judges in Higher Judiciary.
  10. “NJAC has impinged upon independence of judiciary and the doctrine of separation of powers.” Argue.
  11. “Despite India’s 16 point jump in the Global Competitiveness Index 2015, India’s performance in terms of competitiveness remains poor.” Examine in the light of current paradigms in Indian Economy.
  12. Despite of several industrial policies presenting a favouring envionment, the capital goods sector is witnessing slow growth for many years. Discuss critically in the light of Draft National Capital Goods Policy 2015.
  13. What do you understand by the so called Totalization of social security. Discuss in the light of India–US Bilateral Totalisation Agreement (BTA).
  14. “No one can deny the role played by ICHR in the historical research however, in recent times, it has been making news for wrong as well as right reasons.” Throw Light.
  15. Challenged by nature, people and bureaucracy, the KMTT project is running at least two years behind schedule. However, its benefits are worth wait. Discuss.
  16. In comparison to BOT and EPC models, the Hybrid Annuity Model model seems to be more attractive for private investment in road transport sector. Examine.
  17. What do you understand with Spectrum Trading. Discuss in the light of recently released Spectrum Trading Guidelines 2015.

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CGS-5: October 26 to November 15, 2015

Prelims MCQ Topics

Mattancherry Palace Murals, Pure Angels Versus Super Angels, G-20 members, Vienna Programme of Action and Almatty Programme of Action, Extreme Altitude Research Centre, 7 diseases covered in Mission Indradhanush, Ganges River Dolphins, HRA Boundary, Financial Inclusion Fund, Masala Bonds, Olive Ridley Turtles, Environment Impacts of Straw Burning, 10 domains of IMPRINT India, Mahad Satyagrah and Temple Entry Movements, Organizations and Parties launch by Dr. B R Ambedkar, Basaveshwara and Vachana Sahithya, Merit and Demerit Goods

Mains Model Questions
  1. “Dr. B R Ambedkar singlehandedly struggled for the upliftment of the dalits and downtrodden low castes, giving them social equality, self respect and political empowerment.” Critically analyze his role throwing light on the movements he led.
  2. Critically elucidate the circumstances in which Gandhi and Ambedkar developed different perspectives in context with the amelioration of problems of depressed classes.
  3. Critically discuss Dr. Ambedkar’s rationale behind is ideal of “Annihilation of caste”.
  4. “Both Gandhi and Ambedkar strove for the improvement of the cause of depressed classes. However, both had fundamental differences on different political and social issues.” Elucidate.
  5. Throw light on the contribution of Basaveshwara and Vachana Sahithya on Indian culture, literature and religion.
  6. “India and Africa have a three-layered relationship viz. bilateral, regional and pan-African.” Discuss.
  7. Discuss the implications of so calledEzulwini Consensus adopted by African nations on India’s interests.
  8. “Both India and China have been active in African continent in last few decades but there are fundamental differences between India’s presence in Africa vis-à-vis China.” Elucidate.
  9. “The declaration of TNW doctrine confirms that Pakistan has drastically changed its nuclear posture against India.” Critically discuss.
  10. “The decision to end one-child policy has come too late.” Discuss in the light of demographic problems being faced by China.
  11. Critically examine India’s concerns regarding the recently launched CPEC project, while suggesting policy options for India.
  12. Should the Government repeal the Section 377 of IPC? Opine.
  13. “For a diverse country like India with so much of regional inequality, the concept of competitive federalism seems to be unrealistic.” Critically discuss.
  14. “Article 312 of the Constitution provides for a national level judicial service, however, the plan of establishing an all India service for judicial officers is in limbo for the past five decades.” Discuss the major issues around the issue while making a case for All India Judicial Services.
  15. In India various problems inherent in the public distribution system has raised a debate whether do we really need subsidies? Critically discuss the arguments in favour of and against.
  16. To what extent, the JAM TRINITY can help India to make a suitable, efficient and transparent Subsidy Delivery System? Examine.
  17. Critically discuss the CMs Panel’s Recommendations on rationalization of Centrally Sponsored Schemes.
  18. Analyze the government decision to impose cess to involve each and every citizen in making a contribution to Swachh Bharat. Give your arguments against or in favour of the move.
  19. “Tobacco farming is like a double sword demanding the governments to walk a tightrope balancing public health and livelihood of poor farmers.” Elucidate.
  20. “In comparison to the rural regions, in recent times, there has been an exponential growth in the MFIs in urban areas.” Discuss.
  21. What do you understand by Community pharmacy? Discuss in the light of Pharmacy Practice Regulations-2015.
  22. The Land Pooling strategy for the new capital of Andhra Pradesh can become an example for Centre as well as other states in India. Discuss.
  23. What do you understand by Strategic petroleum Reserves? Discuss rationale and India’s efforts towards building Strategic petroleum Reserves.
  24. Critically examine various legal and ethical issues around commercial surrogacy in India.

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CGS-6: November 16 to November 30, 2015

Prelims MCQ Topics

Aedes aegypti mosquito, Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis, The Mongoloid and Negroid Tribes of Andaman and Nicobar, Poultry and Antibiotic Resistance link, RSASTF, Technology Acquisition and Development Fund, Indira Gandhi Prize for Peace, Disarmament and Development, 2015, SATYAM programme, Project ASMAN, Financial Infrastructure Development Network, Maareech, Doyang Lake, Constitutional provisions regarding Labour Laws, Joint Bargaining Council, Geographical location and important islands of South China Sea, Triangulation in context with Satellite Navigation, Indian Regional Navigational Satellite System.

Mains Model Questions
  1. To what extent the Chapter V-B of the industrial disputes act is responsible for anomalies in the manufacturing sector in India. Discuss.
  2. What do you understand by Contract Labour? Do you think that present legislation around contract labour in India is doing injustice with the firms or employees? Discuss.
  3. “Reform of the labour law is vital for the revival of manufacturing sector in India, without which the “Make in India” campaign is doomed to fail.” Discuss critically.
  4. Discuss the salient features of the Draft Labour Code on Industrial Relations Bill, 2015 while throwing light on various concerns raised by the Trade Unions.
  5. What were socio-political implications of Aryan Invasion Theory? Discuss.
  6. Several countries have made competing territorial claims over the South China Sea. Who are these parties and what are the reasons for the disputes? Discuss.
  7. Critically discuss India’s interest and geopolitical stance in the South China Sea. What constructive role can be played by India while protecting its own commercial and economic interests? Opine.
  8. What do you understand by the so called ‘Peaceful Rise’ (hepingjueqi) of China. Give arguments in favour / against the same.
  9. “Though the Mizo Accord has been most successful agreement with insurgents in India yet the Hmar insurgency finds its roots in the same accord. Who are Hmars and why they are restive?” Discuss.
  10. The Cashless Economy has its own advantages but Indian Economy continues to be driven by the use of cash. What are the constraints? While throwing light on its advantages, discuss what steps should be taken to promote Cashless Economy in India.
  11. India being the largest and oldest democracy in the world has always respected the sovereignty and integrity of other countries. Discuss in the light of recent happenings and India’s stance on Maldives.
  12. How IRNSS is different from other satellite navigation systems around the world? Objectively discuss.

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CGS-7: December 1 to 15, 2015

Prelims MCQ Topics

Double Sulphitation, Dengvaxia, PSLV-C29, I-LTEO, Breakthrough Energy Coalition, Inle Lake, Transformative Carbon Asset Facility (TCAF), Deflation versus Disinflation, Marginal Cost of Funds based Lending Rate (MCLR), Amended Technology Upgradation Fund Scheme (ATUFS), Revised Priority Sector Lending (PSL) target for Regional Rural Banks (RRBs), Resource Curse, Bharatvani, Smokeless Panchayat, Underground Coal Gasification, Zonal Councils, Operation Smile-II, E-Pathshala, Project ASMAN, Project Meghraj, Basholi Bridge, Losar Festival, Lasoong Festival, Project Mausam, Channapatna Handicrafts, Satras of Assam, Kambala, INS Godavari, Varunastra, Assumption Island, Barak 8 Missile, Nairobi Package, DAMPE satellite, Islamic Military Coalition, Indo-Burmese Arc, Double El Nino, Solar Hybrid Desalination System.

Mains Model Questions

  1. “Bishnupur should be looked as a centre of culture, not just as a temple town.” Explain.
  2. What is Social Audit? While keeping powers and mandate of Gram Sabha in focus, throw light on various steps in social audit process in local bodies in India.
  3. Discuss the legal framework around national insignia in India. Do you think that standing during National Anthem has more to do with personal choice than law? Substantiate your answer.
  4. Critically examine the issues created by the misconception that no-detention means no assessment in context with the No detention policy.
  5. Despite the fact that the constitution of India has not prescribed any educational qualifications to contest for the Parliament and the State Assemblies; various states in India have prescribed minimum qualifications for Panchayat elections. How it affects our grassroot democracy? Discuss while putting Supreme Court observations in light.
  6. There are several petitions filed in Supreme Court of India challenging the constitutional validity of sections 499 and 500 of IPC. Critically examine the issue while keeping Fundamental Rights in focus.
  7. “Article 142 gives the supreme court virtual license to intervene in any matter whatsoever.” Explain in the light of recent events.
  8. Enumerate various changes brought into effect by the Arbitration and Conciliation (Amendment) Act, 2015.
  9. What is Shetkari Sanghatana? What role has it played in the Indian Economy? Discuss.
  10. What are the so called Suryaputra / Sunshine countries? To what extent, the recently mooted International Solar Alliance can help to achieve affordable solar energy to all and towards global effort to fight climate change? Discuss citing its key objectives.
  11. What are Special Drawing Rights? What are the requirements for SDR basket inclusion? How will Renminbi’s addition impact India and other countries?
  12. “The importance of TAPI is beyond academic relevance and a subject matter of diplomatic talk shops.” Discuss.
  13. What is Aditya-L1 mission? Discuss its objectives and importance.
  14. What is the so called “Istanbul process”? Do you agree with the view that Istanbul Process is nothing more than a talk shop? Argue.
  15. Differentiate between Insolvency and Bankruptcy. Discuss the changes proposed in Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code 2015 and its expected outcomes.
  16. What is the Swiss Challenge method in terms of Government contracts in India? Examine its positive and negative aspects.

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