SLO

Target 2017 [Prelims]: Mock Test-20 [Solution]

Mock Test Series 2017: Mock Test- 20
1. Answer: [B] Jupiter

NASA’s Juno spacecraft, which successfully entered the orbit of Jupiter on July 4, 2016, has revealed several secrets of the Planet Jupiter. The Great Red Spot is a giant, spinning and persistent storm in Jupiter’s atmosphere, like a hurricane on Earth, and is almost twice the size of our planet earth. It has been discovered in southern hemisphere of Jupiter and is observed since 400 years. Similarly, String of Pearls are massive counter clockwise rotating storms that appear as white ovals in Jupiter’s southern hemisphere.

2. Answer: [D] The tree is believed to deplete groundwater reserves

The tree Seemai Karuvelam is said to take a lot of water from the groundwater table and thus depletes groundwater and could turn water poisonous. Recently, the Madurai Bench of Madras High Court ordered the removal of Seemai Karuvelam trees across the Madurai district to prevent water scarcity in the district.

3. Answer: [B] support balance of payment pressure

BRICS contingent reserve arrangement (CRA) aims to support through liquidity and precautionary instruments in response to actual or potential short-term balance of payments pressures. It will be implemented by the central banks of the grouping’s members.

4. Answer: [B] 2 Only

First statement is incorrect because Biotech-KISAN is a Farmer centric scheme launched by the Ministry of Science and Technology. Second statement is correct because the scheme includes the Mahila Biotech-KISAN fellowships, for training and education in farm practices, for women farmers. The Scheme also aims to support the women farmers/entrepreneur in their small enterprises, making her a grass root innovator.

5. Answer: [A] 1 Only

Recently, the Central Government constituted a four-member Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (IBBI). MS Sahoo has been appointed as the Chairperson by Finance and Corporate Affairs Minister Arun Jaitley. The board aims to regulate the functioning of insolvency professionals, insolvency professional agencies and information utilities under the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code 2016. Second statement is incorrect.

6. Answer: [A] effective implementation of Central government schemes at local Panchayat level

Recently, the Central Government formed a new committee named District Development Coordination and Monitoring Committee (DDCMC) in place of the original District Vigilance and Monitoring Committee (DVMC). The newly formed committee has been named as “Disha” in short, and it aims for the effective implementation of Central government schemes.

7. Answer: [C] Telangana

Buddhavanam Project is a tourism project of Telangana state government. It is located in Nagarjunasagar dam region of Nalgonda district in Telangana. It is a Buddhist heritage theme park of the Telangana State Tourism Development Corporation. The project was recently in news when Queen Mother of Bhutan and president of Tarayana Foundation Ashi Dorji Wangmo Wangchuck and Princess Sonam Dechan Wangchuck, along with a seven-member delegation, visited the Buddhavanam project.

8. Answer: [A] Gujarat

The Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi released a book titled “The Birds of Banni Grassland”. The Book is a compilation of the research work, relating to more than 250 species of birds found in the Banni area of Kutch, Gujarat. 

9. Answer: [D] Neither 1 nor 2

First statement is incorrect because the Agricultural Marketing & Farm Friendly Reforms Index has been published by the NITI Aayog. Second statement is again incorrect because the state of Maharashtra achieved first rank in implementation of various reforms. Gujarat ranks second with a score of 71.5 out of 100, closely followed by Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh. 

10. Answer: [C] Indigenous Fast Patrol Vessels (FPVs)

‘Aryaman’ and ‘Atulya’ are the Indian Coast Guard Ships, designed and built by Cochin Shipyard Limited. These are Fast Patrol Vessels (FPVs), capable of displacing 317 tonnes of water and can achieve a maximum speed of 33 knots with range of 1500 nautical miles at an economical speed of 13 knots. The special features of the ships include an Integrated Bridge Management System (IBMS) and Integrated Machinery Control System (IMCS). 

11. Answer: [A] Savitribai Phule

All given characteristics are of Savitribai Phule. Recently, on 3 January, 2017, Google paid tribute to the social reformer on the occasion of her 186th birth anniversary in the form of doodle

12. Answer: [B] Digital Literacy

'Pradhan Mantri Gramin Digital Saksharta Abhiyan' (PMGDISHA) is an initiative to make 6 crore rural households digitally literate. PMGDISHA is expected to be one of the largest digital literacy programmes in the world. The programme helps the Government to promote cashless transactions through mobile phones; the course content would also have emphasis on Digital Wallets, Mobile Banking, Unified Payments Interface (UPI), Unstructured Supplementary Service Data (USSD) and Aadhaar Enabled Payment System (AEPS), etc. 

13. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Both are correct statements
Recently, Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the “Gram Uday Se Bharat Uday Abhiyan” to mark the 125th birth anniversary of Babasaheb Ambedkar, on April 14  in Madhya Pradesh. It was inaugurated at Mhow in Madhya Pradesh. The campaign aimed to generate nation-wide efforts to increase social harmony across villages, strengthen Panchayati Raj, promote rural development, and foster farmers’ progress. The campaign concluded on Panchayati Raj Day on April 24, 2016.

14. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Both are correct statements

15. Answer: [B] 2 Only

First statement is incorrect because the Smart Food Initiative is founded by the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid-Tropics (ICRISAT). Second statement is also correct because Smart Food will be taken forward as a partnership and many organizations have already teamed up to popularize millets. In India, this includes the Indian Institute of Millet Research (IIMR), the National Institute of Nutrition (NIN), MS Swaminathan Research Foundation (MSSRF) and the Self Employed Women’s Association (SEWA). Millets and sorghum have been chosen as the first two Smart Foods under the initiative.

16. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

First statement is correct because FSSAI is a statutory body as per Food Safety and Standards Act 2006.  It comes under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. It defines both the minimum and the maximum threshold of micronutrients to be added in food. FSSAI lacks 3Fs- Funds, Functionaries and Functions.

17. Answer: [B] Israel

Israel is building its largest solar power station in Negev desert called Ashalim Project. It uses Solar-thermal method where solar mirrors concentrate (focus) the sun's light energy and convert it into heat to create steam. The steam helps to drive a turbine and generate electricity through a conventional generator.

18. Answer: [A] Vedaranyam in Tamil Nadu

The world’s first Genetic Garden of Halophytes (naturally occurring salt-tolerant plants) was inaugurated at the coastal town of Vedaranyam in Tamil Nadu. The garden has been set up by M S Swaminathan Research Foundation (MSSRF) founded by eminent agriculture scientist Prof M S Swaminathan, father of Indian Green Revolution.

19. Answer: [A] Endosulfan

India signed the Stockholm Convention and had agreed to phase out the use of Endosulfan by 2017. Stockholm Convention is first ever-concerted global effort to save mankind from the adverse impact of Persistent Organic Pollutants (POP). The Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants was signed by India on May 14, 2002. It focuses on reducing and eliminating the production / use of 12 highly hazardous substances including eight pesticides (aldrin, chlordane, DDT, dieldrin, endrin, heptachlor, mirex and toxaphene); two industrial chemicals (poly chlorinated biphenyls and hexachlorobenzene) and two unintended by-products (poly chlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzo furans, commonly referred to as dioxins and furans).

20. Answer: [B] Exoplanet

An Exoplanet is a planet that orbits a star other than the Sun. Wolf 1061c is an exoplanet orbiting within the habitable zone of the red dwarf star Wolf 1061 in the constellation Ophiuchus about 13.8 light years from Earth. It is the second-closest known potentially habitable exoplanet to Earth, after Proxima Centauri b.

21. Answer: [C] Israel

Scientists from Israel have created the world’s first ‘water-wave laser’ that emits a beam through the interaction of light and water waves. A typical laser can be created when the electrons in atoms become “excited” by energy absorbed from an outside source causing them to emit radiation in the form of laser light. The ‘water-wave laser’ may be used in ‘lab-on-a-chip’ devices to study cell biology and test new drug therapies. It can be used in tiny sensors that combine light waves, sound and water waves.

22. Answer: [A] APEC

The Bogor Goals are a set of targeted goals for realizing free and open trade in the Asia-Pacific region agreed by member economies of APEC in 1994 in Bogor, Indonesia. The Bogor Goals set 2010 for developed members and 2020 for developing members to achieve free trade and investment.

23. Answer: [C] 2 & 3 Only

DGFT App is an Android app to provide information on foreign trade policy. GARV app provides real time data about rural electrification in India.  Bharat Interface for Money (BHIM) App aims to promote the use of digital modes of transaction.

24. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Vittiya Saksharata Abhiyan is an initiative of Ministry of Human Resource Development. It aims to create awareness among people about digital economy and cashless. The HRD Ministry has appealed different modes of digital payment like Pre-Paid Card, Debit Card/RuPay, Unstructured Supplementary Service Data (USSD), Mobile Wallet, Aadhar Enabled Payment System (AEPS), Unified Payment Interface (UPI), also Point of Sale (Physical/Virtual).

25. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Both are correct statements
Vanjeevan is a National Resource Centre for Tribal Livelihood. It aims to identifying problems related to livelihood, provide skill training and to facilitate entrepreneurship and employment among tribal communities in six states having low human development index including Assam, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Odisha and Telangana in the first phase.

26. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Both are correct statements

27. Answer: [A] 1 Only

Budapest Convention is the first binding international instrument to foster a common criminal policy and international cooperation to battle cybercrime in signatory States. India has neither signed the treaty nor ratified it. But despite its hesitations to sign the Convention, India brought its legal framework largely in line with the provision of the Constitution.

28. Answer: [A] Indian Enterprise Development Service

The Indian Enterprise Development Services is the newly developed service in the Office of Development Commissioner, Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises. To start with, the service will have the cadre strength of 617 officers, 6 of which will be at the level of joint secretaries. 

29. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Both are correct statements
First statement is correct because second generation biofuels are made from marginal croplands unsuitable for food production, or using non-food crops and residues where the biomass is consumed in production. Second statement is also correct because Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited (HPCL) is setting up India’s first Second Generation (2G) Bio-refinery at Bathinda in Punjab. The proposed Bio-refinery is expected to generate employment for about 1200 -1300 persons in the Biomass.

30. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Both are correct statements
The proposed new single permanent tribunal will be established after amending the ISWDA, 1956, a permanent tribunal will be constituted. A retired Supreme Court Judge will be the Chair Person, appointed by the Chief Justice of India. The tribunal has to award its decision within three years.

31. Answer: [A] 1 Only

First statement is correct because the Controller General of Accounts (CGA) works under the Ministry of Finance, Government of India. Second statement is incorrect because it is not a constitutional body, but it derives its mandate from Article 150 of the constitution.  Controller General of Accounts (CGA) is the apex Accounting Authority of the Central Government and exercises the powers of the President under Article 150 of the constitution for prescribing the forms of Accounts of the Union and State Governments on the advice of the Comptroller & Auditor General of India. 

32. Answer: [A] Mauritius and United Kingdom

The Chagos Archipelago or Chagos Islands is a group of seven atolls comprising more than 60 individual tropical islands in the Indian Ocean. Chagos Archipelago or Chagos Islands is a disputed territory between United Kingdom and Mauritius. The Chagos Islands is referred to by the British as the British Indian Ocean Territory, but it is not recognised as such by Mauritius.

33. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Both are correct statements
Resolution 2322 is the first resolution adopted by the Security Council on the subject matter of international judicial cooperation. It aims to enhance the efficacy of international legal and judicial systems in their fight against terrorism through operational collaboration.

34. Answer: [C] Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Recently, Scientists of the Botanical Survey of India (BSI) have found a new species of Zingiber from the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. The new species indeed possesses ethno-medicinal uses. The fresh juice from the fleshy tuberous roots is used to treat abdominal pain and anti-helminthic troubles by Nicobarese and certain other tribal communities.

35. Answer: [B] 2 Only

First statement is incorrect because CEPI is currently being steered by five founding partners. They are: Department of Biotechnology, Ministry of Science & Technology, GOI; Government of Norway; Wellcome Trust; Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation; and World Economic Forum. Second statement is correct because it aims to finance and coordinate the development of new vaccines and contain infectious disease epidemics. 

36. Answer: [A] China

China is working to set up the world’s highest altitude gravitational wave telescopes in Tibet Autonomous Region. The construction of first telescope, code-named Ngari No.1 has started. These telescopes will help to detect the faintest echoes resonating from the universe.

37. Answer: [D] 1, 2, 3 & 4

Mercury is known for its ability to alloy with most metals. Mercury is used in the chemical and petrochemical industries and also in household products like compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs), clinical thermometers, blood pressure monitors and topical antiseptic agents. India has signed the Minamata Convention on 30 September 2014 and has agreed to phase out mercury within six to 10 years to get rid of mercury pollution.

38. Answer: [D] 1, 2, 3 & 4

All of the above given vaccines are included as part of Universal Immunization Programme (UIP). Recently, four new vaccines have being introduced as part of UIP including Inactivated Polio Vaccine (IPV), Rotavirus vaccine, Measles, Rubella (MR) vaccine, and Adult Japanese Encephalitis (JE) vaccine. With these new vaccines, India’s UIP will provide free vaccines against 12 life threatening diseases.

39. Answer: [D] 1, 2 & 3

All of the above are correct
Madakas, Pemghara and Johads are water soak pits used to recharge groundwater in Karnataka, Odisha and Rajasthan. Soak pit is a covered, porous-walled chamber that allows water to slowly soak into the ground. It is a cost-efficient method for recharging groundwater bodies.

40. Answer: [B] Gandhinagar

Recently, Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated India's first international exchange India INX at International Financial Services Centre (IFSC) in Gujarat International Financial Tech City located in Gandhinagar. India International Exchange (INX) is the wholly-owned subsidiary of the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE).

41. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Both are correct statements

  • The UDAN scheme seeks to provide connectivity to un-served and under-served airports of the country through revival of existing air-strips and airports
  • This first-of-its-kind scheme will ensure affordability, connectivity, growth and development
  • It aims to increase ticketing volume from 80 million to 300 million by 2022 Under it regional connectivity will be developed on market-based mechanism under which Airlines will bid for seat subsidies
  • Airline operators will bid for up to 40 subsidised seats and minimum seats will be 9. There will be 50% seats on market based pricing
  • It will create affordable yet economically viable and profitable flights on regional routes so that flying becomes affordable to the common man even in small towns
  • Under it, airlines will have complete freedom to enter into code sharing with larger airlines for connectivity and they will be exempted from various airport charges
  • Airlines will have exclusive rights for three years to fly on a particular regional route. On these routes for regional flights Airfares will be capped at 2500 rupees for an hour’s flight
42. Answer: [B] Maldives

Maldives left the Commonwealth in October 2016, claiming that it was "unfairly and unjustly" treated by the global body.

43. Answer: [B] Power Sector Reforms

Mata Prasad Committee has been appointed by the Central Electricity Regulatory Commission. It has suggested that transmission planning be aligned to meet customer aspirations as opposed to the existing system where transmission is associated with long-term power purchase agreements (PPAs).

44. Answer: [A] Senior citizens

Vayoshreshtha Samman is a Scheme of National Awards instituted by the Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment. Vayoshreshtha Samman is given to eminent senior citizens and institutions in recognition of their service towards the cause of elderly persons. 1st October is observed as International Day of Older Persons every year as per United Nation Conventions. The Ministry has been conferring “Vayoshrestha Samman” every year on this day since 2005, to eminent citizens, senior citizens and institutions in recognition of their outstanding services to the elderly people.

45. Answer: [A] Mumbai

The Bank pilot launched India's first “Cardless and Cashless” Aadhaar based ATM in Mumbai in April, 2016.

46. Answer: [A] BIMSTEC

Leaders' Retreat 2016 Outcome Document was released in Goa on 16 October 2016 during the BRICS-BIMSTEC Outreach Summit. The BIMSTEC is the sub-regional group of seven countries in South Asia and South East Asia lying in the littoral and adjacent areas of the Bay of Bengal constituting a contiguous regional unity. They are India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Sri Lanka from South Asia and Myanmar, Thailand from South East Asia.

47. Answer: [A] 1 & 2 Only

Forest Rights Act (FRA) of 2006 recognises bamboo as an MFP and vests the “right of ownership, access to collect, use and dispose of minor forest produce” with Scheduled Tribes and traditional forest dwellers. Beside this, all non-timber forest produce such as cocoons, tussar, honey, ivory, waxes, medical plants, herbs, roots, tubers etc. are MFP.

48. Answer: [A] Manas National Park

All given features are of Manas National Park.

49. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

The goal of the Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats (IDWH) Scheme is to recover critically endangered species and habitats outside PAs and areas of high biodiversity value as well as to protect corridors and areas adjoining PAs. The scheme provides technical and financial assistance to states for protection of wildlife habitat.

50. Answer: [D] 1, 2 & 3

India has six meteorological satellites out of which three -Kalpana-1; INSAT-3D and INSAT-3DR are exclusively for providing weather services. These meteorological satellites provide information on various parameters including radiation, sea surface temperature, snow cover, cloud motion and fog.

51. Answer: [D] 1, 2 & 3

All of the above are included in the UNESCO World Heritage Sites list
Manas Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the north-eastern state of Assam. It is famous for its population of the wild water buffalo.  It was inscribed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1985 for its unique natural environment. Keoladeo National Park is located in Bharatpur. It was inscribed in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1985. Great Himalayan National Park is located at Kullu in Himachal Pradesh. It was inscribed in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

52. Answer: [D] Western Ghats

Recently, our researchers have discovered a new termite species Glyptotermes chiraharitae from the Malabar Wildlife Sanctuary at Kakkayam in Kerala. The newly discovered species has been named 'chiraharitae', after it was found in the tropical ever-green forest of Western Ghats. Termites are eusocial insects, which are generally of three types- drywood, dampwood and subterranean ones. The new species Glyptotermes chiraharitae is dampwood termites which infest parts of woods with high moisture content.

53. Answer: [D] 1, 2 & 3

Nohkalikai Falls is the tallest plunge waterfall in India located in Meghalaya. The waterfall is located near Cherrapunji, one of the wettest places on Earth. Kunchikal Falls is formed by the Varahi River and is located in Karnataka. The Duduma Waterfall is formed by the Machkund River on the boundary between Odisha & Andhra Pradesh.

54. Answer: [B] 2 Only

First statement is incorrect because Shola grassland is found in the Western Ghats. Shola grasslands are confined to the high altitude (>1700 m) in the Western Ghats and interspersed with tropical forests. Shola grasslands are maintained by fire and frost. The species of Nilgiri Tahr is found only in the shola grasslands and nowhere else in the world.

55. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Conservation Reserves can be declared by the State Governments in any area owned by the Government. The rights of people living inside a Conservation Reserve are not affected in conservation reserves. The Wildlife Protection Act defines five types of protected areas viz. National Parks, Wildlife Sanctuaries, Community Reserves, Conservation Reserves and Tiger Reserves. These areas provide a greater role and opportunity for local communities, stakeholders and civil society to protect many areas of conservation value that cannot be designated under strict categories such as wildlife sanctuaries or national parks.

56. Answer: [B] 2 Only

First statement is incorrect because the National Board for Wildlife is chaired by India’s Prime Minister and its vice chairman is Minister of Environment. Second statement is correct. National Board for Wild Life is a “Statutory Organization” constituted under the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972. Theoretically, the board is “advisory” in nature and advises the Central Government on framing policies and measures for conservation of wildlife in the country. However, it is a very important body because it serves as apex body to review all wildlife-related matters and approve projects in and around national parks and sanctuaries.

57. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Both are correct statements
While for any kind of removal or exploitation of wildlife or forest produce from a Sanctuary it requires the recommendation of the State Board for Wildlife, for any kind of exploitation or activity in National Park it requires the recommendation of the National Board for Wildlife.

58. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Both are correct statements
As per IUCN there are following kinds of protected areas:

  • National Parks
  • Wildlife sanctuaries
  • Biosphere reserves
  • Reserved and protected forests
  • Conservation reserves and community reserves
  • Private protected areas
  • Conservation areas

Protected areas can be declared by central as well as state governments.

59. Answer: [D] 1, 2, 3 & 4

The Tiger Range Countries (TRC) are countries where tigers still roam free. They are: Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Russia, Thailand, Vietnam and North-Korea.

60. Answer: [A] Chandra Taal

All given features are of Chandra Taal

61. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Both are correct statements
In the wake of climate change challenges, quality breeding of indigenous livestock is essential. To cope with this, Ministry of Science and Technology has initiated Cattle Genomics programme that uses Genome Sequencing of indigenous cattle breeds to increase productivity of indigenous cattle.

62. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Both are correct statements
Gaucher’s disease is a genetic disorder that may lead to enlarged spleen and liver, liver malfunction. It is characterized by the deposition of glucocerebroside in cells of the macrophage-monocyte system. An orphan disease is defined as a condition that affects fewer than 200,000 people nationwide. 

63. Answer: [C] Karnataka

The Hakki Pikki tribal community launched protest against the state government in demand for the land for rehabilitation of the tribes. The tribe was recently in news due to clashes which broke out between Hakki-Pikki tribal community and Ediga people in Angadihalli over land issues. 

64. Answer: [C] Mercury

The Minamata Convention makes it mandatory for the signatories to ban/phase out the use of Mercury. India has signed the treaty on 30 September 2014 and has agreed to phase out mercury within six to 10 years.

65. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Both are correct statements

66. Answer: [D] Manipur

India's first floating elementary school has been started in Loktak Lake in Manipur. It is the largest freshwater lake in the country, has now become home to first of its kind Loktak floating elementary school. The school was recently inaugurated at Langolsabi Leikai of Champu Khangpok village in Manipur. It aims to provide education to drop outs students, who were rendered homeless due to the recent evacuation of phumdis.

67. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Both are correct statements

68. Answer: [D] 1, 2 & 3

All given statements are correct
The Committee consists of not more than 22 members comprising 15 members elected by Lok Sabha every year from amongst its members according to the principle of proportional representation by means of single transferable vote and not more than 7 members of Rajya Sabha elected by that House in like manner are associated with the Committee. The Chairman is appointed by the Speaker from amongst its members of Lok Sabha.

69. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Both are correct statements

70. Answer: [C] 1, 2, 3 & 4 Only

Conservation Reserves, Community Reserves and Wildlife sanctuaries as well as National Parks can be declared by the state government. Whenever it appears to the State Government that an area by reason of its ecological, faunal, floral, geomorphological or zoological importance is needed to be constituted as a National Park for the purpose of protecting, it may, by notification, declare its intention to constitute such area as a National Park. Tiger Reserves are declared by National Tiger Conservation Authority via Wild Life (Protection) Amendment Act, 2006 under centrally sponsored scheme called Project Tiger. To declare an area as Tiger Reserve, the state governments can forward their proposals in this regard to NTCA. Central Government via NTCA may also advise the state governments to forward a proposal for creation of Tiger Reserves. Tiger Reserves are managed by National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA). No alternation of boundary can be done without the recommendation of National Board for Wild Life and without the advice of the Tiger Conservation Authority.

71. Answer: [B] Madhya Pradesh

Madhya Pradesh became the first state in India to have ‘Happiness Department’ that will work as knowledge resource centre on the subject of happiness on the lines of Bhutan. The newly-constituted department will give suggestions to ensure happiness in the lives of the people. The idea has been incorporated in line with the already present Happiness Index in Bhutan to measure happiness of its people.

72. Answer: [D] 1, 2 & 3

All given statements are correct
In Tundra Biome, the tree growth is hindered by low temperatures and short growing seasons. The vegetation in Tundra is composed of Dwarf Shrubs, mosses, lichens etc. Some scattered trees are also found. There are three types of Tundra Regions in the world viz. Arctic Tundra, Alpine Tundra and Antarctic Tundra. The most important characteristic of Tundra is the Permafrost.

73. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Both are correct statements
Anti-Defection Law is contained in the Tenth Schedule of the Constitution, which was introduced by the 52nd Amendment in 1985 during tenure of Rajiv Gandhi. 

74. Answer: [A] 1 & 3 Only

Granite is an example of igneous rock that is formed due to crystallization of magma under deep seated condition and hence it completely lacks fossils.  Sandstone, shale, and limestones are sedimentary rocks that are formed due to disintegration of earlier rocks. These contain fossils. Marble is an example of metamorphic rock. Metamorphic rocks are formed due to recrystallisation of any kind of rock.

75. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Both are correct statements
Ocean currents are fast flowing broad stream of water which moves in specific direction. While the ocean currents in northern hemisphere move in clockwise direction, those in southern hemisphere move in counter clockwise direction. While ocean currents on the eastern side of the continents are warm currents, ocean currents on the western side of the continent are cold currents. The Gulf Stream in the North Atlantic and the Kuroshio Current in the North Pacific are examples of warm currents. Labrador Current and Benguela current are examples of cold currents.

76. Answer: [B] extract carbon dioxide from sea water to produce a new liquid fuel

Project Foghorn aims to extract carbon dioxide from seawater to produce a new liquid fuel similar to conventional fuels used nowadays; it aims to reduce carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. Seawater contains good amount of carbon dioxide that has been naturally absorbed from the earth’s atmosphere. The dissolved carbon in sea water can be separated from electrochemical processes, which could then be combined to make hydrocarbons for liquid fuel: a clean “sea fuel”. A new technique called solid oxide electrolyser cell (SOEC), is being used to break apart steam into hydrogen and oxygen and to collect the residual carbon.

77. Answer: [D] 1, 2, 3 & 4

Centrally-sponsored Project Bustard, Project Snow Leopard, Project Tiger and Project Elephant have been clubbed with the Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats (IDWH) scheme.

78. Answer: [D] 1, 2, 3 & 4

The lead financiers of the South Asia Regional Trade and Integration Programme are Asian Development Bank (ADB), World Bank (WB), International Finance Corporation (IFC) and Department for International Development (DfID).

79. Answer: [C] 2 & 3 Only

The Indian Space Research Organisation has launched an advanced weather satellite called INSAT-3DR using the rocket GSLV-F05. It is not a miniature satellite, as miniature satellites are small satellites of low mass and size, usually under 500 kg. The satellite INSAT 3DR, weighing 2,211 kg, has been put into a geo-transfer orbit. It will provide both meteorological and rescue services.

80. Answer: [A] ICICI

ICICI launched India’s first digital bank “pockets” on a mobile phone. The app can easily download the e-wallet from Google Playstore. This wallet uses a virtual Visa card which enables the users to instantly send money to any e-mail id, mobile number, friends on Facebook and bank account. The users can pay bills, recharge mobiles, book movie tickets, order food, send physical and e-gifts, split and share expenses with friends by using this e-wallet. The limit for transaction is of worth Rs. 10,000.

81. Answer: [C] Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)

Global value chains (GVCs) are a prominent feature of the international trade landscape today. Intermediate goods and services from several countries are combined through integrated production networks to produce the final goods and services. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) introduced it for the first time.

82. Answer: [B] 2 Only

The World Economic Outlook (WEO) is a survey conducted and published biannually by the International Monetary Fund. The World Development Report (WDR) is an annual report published since 1978 by the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD). The Global Competitiveness Report (GCR) is a yearly report published by the World Economic Forum. 

83. Answer: [B] Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya

The New Teachers Training Programme launched by the government is dedicated to Madan Mohan Malviya. The programme envisages to focus holistically on whole sector of education without fragmenting it based on levels and sectors and also to strengthen institutional mechanisms for strengthening vertical and lateral linkages.

84. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Both are correct statements
The objectives of the SAARC Food Bank are:

  • to act as a regional food security reserve for the SAARC Member Countries during normal time food shortages and emergencies
  • to provide regional support to national food security efforts; foster inter- country partnerships and regional integration, and solve regional food shortages through collective action
85. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Both are correct statements

86. Answer: [A] India and Pakistan

Both India and Pakistan signed the memorandum of obligations to become full members of Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) on 24 June 2016 at Tashkent. Both countries are expected to become full members of the organisation by the next meeting of SCO at Astana in 2017.

87. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Gas hydrates are crystalline form of methane and water. They are mainly found in marine sediments on continental shelf margins.  Recently, a large natural gas discovery has been made in the Indian Ocean following a joint expedition by India and the U.S. Natural gas hydrates are a naturally occurring, ice-like combination of natural gas and water found in oceans and Polar Regions. 

88. Answer: [B] Compensation for delay in Infrastructure Projects

Specific Relief is a 1963 law that legalese for performing a contract when monetary compensation for failing to complete contractual obligations is not enough. It was in news when government decided to amend the act on the recommendation of a committee. As per new recommendations, even if contractual obligations cannot be met, the court could ask the parties to fulfil terms of the contract.  Monetary compensation will be an alternative when contracts cannot be fulfilled.

89. Answer: [B] North Atlantic Treaty Organisation

Operation Resolute Support is a NATO-led counter-terror mission in Islamic Republic of Afghanistan which began on January 1, 2015. The mission aims to assist the Afghan security forces and institutions as well as counter-terror and combat. 

90. Answer: [B] Wheat

Kalyan Sona, Girija and Sonalika are variety of Wheat. Sonalika variety is very suitable for late sowings. It is resistant to rusts. Kalyan Sona is double dwarf wheat with wide adaptation recommended for cultivation all over India. Girija is single dwarf variety highly resistant to rusts. This variety is specifically suitable for higher hills of north eastern region of India.

91. Answer: [B] Taiwan

Taiwan is a state in East Asia. Taiwan is the most populous state that is not a member of the United Nations, and the one with the largest economy. Sunflower is associated to Taiwan. The movement, which constituted students, as many as 54 civic organizations and NGOs, has reanimated civil society in Taiwan.

92. Answer: [D] 1, 2 & 3

Fog is a thick cloud of tiny water droplets suspended in the atmosphere in air or near the earth’s surface. The amount of moisture in the fog depends upon nearby water bodies like lake, ocean or marshes. Terai region experiences the maximum fog because of wet or marshy ground due to intensive groundwater irrigation work and abundant of surface water resources. This is why the people of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar are experiences dense fog in winters. Types of Fog are: Ground Fog or Radiation fog, Advection fog, valley fog and freezing fog.

93. Answer: [A] Elephant

Indian government formally declared the elephant as its "national heritage animal" to prevent it from a combination of poaching and habitat loss. Elephants now receive similar protection as received by tigers.

94. Answer: [C] Six months

As of now, there is no general power with the state government to dissolve the panchayats prior to expiry of the prescribed term of five years. The panchayats could be dissolved before the expiry of five years only in accordance with the law, if any, promulgated by the state. In case of dissolution of a panchayat, a fresh election was to be completed within a period of six months from the date of dissolution and the newly elected members should hold office only for the remaining part of the term and not for the full term of five years. 

95. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Project Insight is an income-tax (I-T) department’s ambitious project to effectively utilize the vast amount of information at its disposal more effectively to track tax evaders. The project will help in catching tax evaders in a non-intrusive manner and without methods like search and seizure. The project will be rolled out in three phases, with the first phase to be implemented from May 2017. The new technical infrastructure will also be leveraged for implementation of Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act, Inter Governmental Agreement (FATCA IGA) and Common Reporting Standard (CRS).

96. Answer: [D] Neither 1 nor 2

First statement is incorrect because recently launched Pradhan Mantri Urja Ganga project is the gas pipeline project which ensures the supply of clean and eco-friendly fuel to eastern part of India. Second statement is again incorrect.

97. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Both are correct statements
Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritva Abhiyan (PMSMA) is the programme that aims to provide free special antenatal care to pregnant women in their second or third trimesters. It aims to reduce maternal and infant mortality rates through safe pregnancies and safe deliveries.

98. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Sir Creek is a 96-km tidal estuary between India and Pakistan. It is well known for the presence of great oil and gas concentration and for fishing ground. While the Pakistan claims the entire Sir Creek based on a 1914 agreement signed between the government of Sindh and rulers of Kutch, India claims that the boundary lies mid-channel, as was depicted in a map in 1925 and implemented with pillars placed to mark the boundary.

99. Answer: [D] 1, 2 & 3

The African Asian Rural Development Organization (AARDO) is an autonomous, inter-Governmental organization established in 1962 with the objective of promoting cooperation among the countries of the African – Asian Region. The African Asian Rural Development Organization (AARDO) for capacity building programmes in the field of rural development. India is one of its founder members and its headquarters are located in New Delhi. Recently, Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has given its approval to the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between India and the African Asian Rural Development Organization (AARDO) for the triennium 2015 – 2017 in the direction of eradicating thirst, hunger, illiteracy, disease and poverty in the region.

100. Answer: [A] World Bank

Logistics Performance Index report is a bi-annual report released by the World Bank Group. As per recent report, India ranked 35th among 160 countries. The LPI analyses countries across six components viz.

  • Quality of trade and transport infrastructure
  • Competence and quality of logistics services
  • Efficiency of customs and border management clearance
  • Ease of arranging competitively priced shipments
  • Ability to track and trace consignments and
  • Frequency with which shipments reach consignees within scheduled or expected delivery times

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