Target 2017 [Prelims]: Mock Test-21 [Solution]

Mock Test Series 2017: Mock Test- 21
1. Answer: [D] Neither 1 nor 2

Tri-Netra stands for ­ "terrain imaging for diesel driver’s infrared, enhanced optical and radar assisted system". Tri-Netra system is made up of a high-resolution optical video camera, high-sensitivity infrared video camera and a radar-based terrain mapping system. The system provides a locomotive pilot a clear view of up to one kilometre on a straight track, even during inclement weather. This helps in maintaining high speed in poor visibility and avoids delay in arrivals. The concept of TRI-NETRA was developed by Development Cell under the guidance of Member Mechanical, Railway Board.

2. Answer: [C] Russia

Russia has invited India to join in developing next-generation nuclear reactors and to participate in its fast-reactor research project called the multipurpose fast research reactor project MBIR, which is coming up as the International Research Center in Dimitrovgrad located in the Ulyanovsk region.

3. Answer: [A] 1 Only

First statement is correct because Bio-indicator Lidar instrument (BILI) is a remote-sensing instrument that uses light to detect particles in the atmosphere. Second statement is incorrect because it has been developed by National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). The most important feature of the instrument is that “BILI’s measurements do not require consumables other than electrical power and can be conducted quickly over a broad area”.

4. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

First statement is correct because CubeSats are a class of nanosatellites that use a standard size and form factor. The standard CubeSat size uses a "one unit". Second statement is also correct because StudSat is a CubeSat satellite designed by students and was the first picosatellite launched by India. StudSat-1 was successfully launched on 12 July 2010 from Satish Dhawan Space Centre.

5. Answer: [A] 1 & 2 Only

First statement is correct because the maturity time period of Pusa Arhar 16 is 120 days, down from the 160-270 days needed by varieties now in use. Second statement is also correct because it requires less water and is suitable for mechanized harvesting with no loss in yields, at about 20 quintals/hectare. Third statement is incorrect because Pusa Arhar 16 is a dwarf pigeon pea created by scientists at the Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI).

6. Answer: [B] 2 Only

First statement is incorrect because the Suryamitra Mobile App is a GPS based mobile app, and is developed by National Institute of Solar Energy (NISE) which is an autonomous institution of Ministry of New & Renewable Energy (MNRE). This is an innovative method to enhance solar power production in the country as the app provides for the employment of trained youth in solar PV technology and also improve the businesses of solar entrepreneurs because of quality servicing, maintenance and repairing professionals are now available to customers at the click of a button on their mobiles.

7. Answer: [A] 1 Only

First statement is correct. Second statement is incorrect because selection of Model Command Area is done by Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation in consultation with States Governments. Jal Kranti Abhiyan was launched on 5th June, 2015 across the country. Recently, on March 07, 2017, Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation organized a national conference on Jal Kranti Abhiyan in New Delhi.

8. Answer: [D] Neither 1 nor 2

First statement is incorrect because Pradhan Mantri YUVA Yojana is an initiative of Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship. Second statement is again incorrect because it aims to provide entrepreneurship education and training to youth of the country.

9. Answer: [D] Neither 1 nor 2

The Sagar Port Project is a deepwater port development project at Sagar Island in West Bengal. It has been in the news for more than 15 years to supplement operations at Calcutta and Haldia, which cannot handle big ships because of the shallow draught of the Hooghly River. A special purpose vehicle (SPV), Bhor Sagar Port Limited (BSPL) has been created for execution of the project. The SPV is a joint venture (JV) between Kolkata Port Trust holding and the West Bengal government. Under the project, a road-cum-rail bridge is proposed over the river Muriganga to connect the Sagar Island to the mainland.

10. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

ISGAN is an agreement under International Energy Agency (IEA) and consists of representatives from 25 countries across the globe. India is one of the founding Member of ISGAN and Joint Secretary (Distribution), Ministry of Power, is the member representative of India. The 13th Executive Committee (ExCo) Meeting of the International Smart Grid Action Network (ISGAN) was held on 6th, 7th and 9th March, 2017 at POWERGRID Corporate Center, Gurugram. This is the first ever Executive Committee Meeting of ISGAN being held in India.

11. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Both are correct statements
Recently, the Union Minister for Social Justice and Empowerment, Thaawarchand Gehlot has released the first issue of a National Newspaper ‘Saanjhi Saanjh’ for senior citizen in New Delhi. This newspaper for senior citizen is edited by J.V Manisha Bajaj, Secretary of Harikrit, an NGO for elderly people. The bilingual newspaper has 8 pages which will be published from Delhi by Harikrit publishers. The newspaper carries important and useful news pertaining to elderly persons besides inspirational stories. It serves as a bridge between old and new generations.

12. Answer: [A] India and Sri Lanka

Kachchatheevu is a small uninhabited barren island in the Palk Bay, which was ceded to Sri Lanka in 1974. It has been frequently in news due to continuous violent attacks, torture and arrest of Tamil Nadu fishermen by the Sri Lankan Navy near the island.

13. Answer: [A] 1 & 2 Only

First and Second statements are correct. Third statement is incorrect because the maximum increase in forest cover has been observed in Tamil Nadu.

14. Answer: [D] 1, 2 & 3

Selenium in large doses causes growth inhibition, and may also cause skin discoloration, bad teeth, and some psychological and gastrointestinal problems.Mercury poisoning of water results in weakness, loss of appetite, insomnia, indigestion, diarrhea, gum inflammation, irritability, memory loss, muscle tremors and brain damage. Cadmium poisoning has been associated with kidney disease, hypertension, and possibly genetic mutation.

15. Answer: [A] Kuchipudi

All given features are of Kuchipudi dance

16. Answer: [B] It is UK-based Antarctic research project, studying the effects of melting on the Larsen C ice shelf

Second option is the correct answer
Project MIDAS is a UK-based Antarctic research project, investigating the effects of a warming climate on the Larsen C ice shelf.

17. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

First statement is correct because RESOURCESAT-2A is a remote sensing satellite and will be useful for agricultural applications like crop area and crop production estimation, drought monitoring, soil mapping, cropping system analysis and farm advisories generation. Second statement is again correct because the satellite has been launched into the polar Sun Synchronous Orbit.

18. Answer: [B] 4 Only

Dengue fever is a mosquito-borne tropical disease caused by the dengue virus. Symptoms of dengue fever include severe joint and muscle pain, swollen lymph nodes, headache, fever, exhaustion, and rash. Chikungunya can circulate with the help of monkeys, birds and cattle, but dengue spreads only through mosquitoes.

19. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

SWATHI is a weapon locating radar developed by Defence Research and Development Organisation. The radar can simultaneously handle multiples projectiles fired from different weapons at different locations. It has a range of 50 km which brings all artillery guns presently in service worldwide under its coverage. It can handle multiple projectiles fired from different weapons at different locations. It can also direct artillery response based on the incoming enemy fire.

20. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

The system, named DISANET is a low-cost communication system developed by IIT Madras. It allows basic services such as voice, text and video communications to be exchanged within this network of rescue workers, Master Operation Centre and the NDMA. The design has four subsystems — WiFi, a satellite link, single-carrier GSM and LTE (Long Term Evolution) which is a standard for high-speed wireless communication for mobile phones and data terminals.

21. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Both are correct statements
Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is a viral respiratory illness caused by a coronavirus, called SARS-associated coronavirus (SARS-CoV). SARS was first reported in Asia in February 2003. It is a serious form of pneumonia. The main way that SARS seems to spread is by close person-to-person contact.

22. Answer: [A] Sustainable Tourism for Development

The United Nations 70th General Assembly has designated 2017 as the International Year of Sustainable Tourism for Development. The declaration recalls the potential of tourism sector to advance the universal 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

23. Answer: [B] 2 Only

First statement is incorrect because Swasthya Rakshan Program has been initiated through Central Council for Research in Ayurvedic Sciences (CCRAS), Central Council for Research in Unani Medicine (CCRUM), Central Council for Research in Homoeopathy (CCRH) and Central Council for Research in Siddha (CCRS) in selected districts/ villages. Second statement is correct because the programme aims to generate awareness among the people about the Health Promotion and health education, mass campaigning through rallies, Nukkad Nataks focussing on personal, environmental and social hygiene are being for creating awareness about hygiene.

24. Answer: [D] Neither 1 nor 2

First statement is incorrect because the disease can be transferred from human to human by mosquitoes as well as through monkeys, birds and cattle. The females of Aedes Aegyptii and Aedes albopictus are the main species of mosquito that spread the disease. Second statement is incorrect because there is no vaccine for chikungunya. Treatment is mainly symptomatic such as giving painkillers to relieve the joint pain. VPM1002 is intended to replace the current BCG vaccine to protect people against TB.

25. Answer: [D] 1, 2, 3 & 4

As per the India State of Forest Report (ISFR) 2015, there has been an increase in Very Dense Forest, Open Forest Area, Mangrove Forest and Tree Cover.

26. Answer: [A] Hubble space telescope

The Hubble space telescope has captured a new image showcasing an incredibly massive galaxy located under 400 million light-years away from the Earth. The galaxy UGC 12591 sits somewhere between a lenticular and a spiral, according to NASA.

27. Answer: [B] It is used to get the estimates of tropical cyclone intensity

The Dvorak technique is a methodology to get estimates of tropical cyclone intensity from satellite pictures. Vern Dvorak developed the scheme using a pattern recognition decision tree in the early 1970s.

28. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Both are correct statements
The new Hydrocarbon Exploration Licensing Policy offers single license to explore conventional and unconventional oil and gas resources. The new policy permits the investors to select the exploration blocks after accessing the data and historic data of India through national data repository. The new policy is business and investor friendly and aims to double the India’s existing oil production by 2022.

29. Answer: [C] Gujarat

Recently, Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the India's longest cable bridge located over the Narmada River at Bharuch in Gujarat. The bridge is 1344 metres long and 22.8 metres wide located on the Ahmedabad-Mumbai National Highway. It is built by Larsen and Turbo as a part of the Rs 379 crore project of the National Highway Authority of India.

30. Answer: [A] Canada

Recently, the scientists have discovered the oldest fossil ever on earth at Quebec in Canada. The discovered fossils shows that organisms were thriving 4.2 billion years ago, hundreds of millions of years earlier than previously thought.

31. Answer: [A] 1 Only

First statement is correct because Kurukh is a tribal language spoken by the Oraon tribal community. Second statement is incorrect because it is an endangered tribal language of the Dravidian family and not of Austro-Asiatic or Tibeto-Barman families.

32. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Both are correct statements
“Housing for All” is an initiative in rural areas under which the Government proposes to provide an environmentally safe and secure pucca house to every rural household by 2022. The government is using the Socio Economic Census 2011 data for identifying the beneficiaries. The unit cost for these houses has been significantly increased and aims to provide minimum support of nearly Rs. 1.5 lakh to Rs. 1.6 lakh to a household is available. There is also a provision of Bank loan upto Rs. 70,000 if the beneficiary so desires.

33. Answer: [C] Andhra Pradesh

Mannavaram power project is a proposed power project in Chittoor district of Andhra Pradesh.

34. Answer: [B] 1, 2 & 3 Only

Consolidated Fund of India is related to all revenues received by the government and expenses made by it, excluding the exceptional items. A cess imposed by the central government is a tax on tax, levied by the government for a specific purpose. The cesses collected do not go to the Consolidated Fund of India.  It is spent only on the specific purpose for which it was levied. Currently, the Krishi Kalyan Cess, Infrastructure Cess and the Clean Environment Cess are levied by the government.

35. Answer: [D] Odisha

Scientists at the Indian Institute of Technology-Kharagpur claim that they have found evidence of ‘lost’ Indian River called Chandrabhaga at a distance of about two km from the 13th century Sun Temple at Konark.

36. Answer: [A] Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA)

The first Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA) Leaders' Summit held on 7 March 2017 in Jakarta to commemorate the 20th Anniversary of the Association. The Vice-President of India led the Indian delegation. The Summit was preceded by meetings of the Council of Ministers and the Committee of Senior Officials. The Minister of State for External Affairs Gen (Dr) VK Singh (Retd) participated in the Council of Ministers while Secretary (ER) in MEA Shri Amar Sinha led the talks at the Committee of Senior Officials.

37. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Both are correct statements
Under the scheme, solar powered irrigation pumps of 3HP and 5HP capacity worth Rs 3.5 lakh and Rs 4.5 lakh respectively would be distributed to the farmers at subsidised price by March 31, 2019.

38. Answer: [A] Chandauli village, Rajasthan

India’s first and the only Minority Cyber Gram village is Chandauli village in Rajasthan. It was recently praised by the founder of Facebook Mark Zuckerberg during his visit to India. The village has 1300 households with average two persons per family (2600 persons) including non minorities in the village were selected for Digital Literacy. The project has been completed under the digital literacy programme.

39. Answer: [A] 1 Only

First statement is correct. Second statement is incorrect because it is celebrated on the occasion of Dhanwantari Jayanti. Recently, the first National Ayurveda Day was observed on 28 October 2016 by the Ministry of Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy (AYUSH), on the occasion of Dhanwantari Jayanti. Dhanwantari is an avatar of Vishnu in Hinduism. He appears in the Vedas and Puranas as the physician of the gods (Devas), and the god of Ayurveda. Dhanwantari Jayanti, the birthday of lord Dhanwantari is being celebrated on 13th lunar day of darker side in the Hindu month of Kartik (Oct/Nov).

40. Answer: [C] 1, 2 & 3

Cyber Gram has been launched as an initiative under Multi-sectoral Development Programme (MsDP) to provide hands on training in computers to the students of minority communities and enable them to acquire basic Information and Communication Technology (ICT) skills; become digitally literate. The Scheme Hamari Dharohar was launched during the year 2014-15. The scheme aims to preserve rich culture and heritage of minorities through selective intervention under the overall concept of Indian culture. The Nai Manzil Scheme is an integrated Education and Livelihood Initiative for the Minority Communities. The scheme aims to benefit the minority youths who are school-dropouts through skill development training.

41. Answer: [D] Orang National Park

All given features are of the Orang national park which has been recently declared as tiger reserve under Section 38 V (I) of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972. 

42. Answer: [B] Jupiter

Europa is an icy moon of the planet Jupiter. It has long been a high priority for its exploration because it holds a salty liquid water ocean beneath its icy crust. The ultimate aim of Europa Clipper is to determine if Europa is habitable.

43. Answer: [D] 1, 2 & 3

The types of disabilities have been increased from existing 7 to 21 under the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016. The New categories of disabilities also included three blood disorders, Thalassemia, Hemophilia and Sickle Cell disease. Haemophilia is generally an inherited genetic disorder that impairs the body's ability to make blood clots. Hemophilia is caused by a mutation or change, in one of the genes. Hemophilia affects mostly males in comparison to females. Thalassemia is an inherited blood disorders that can result in the abnormal formation of haemoglobin. Sickle-cell disease (SCD) results from the in an abnormality in the oxygen-carrying protein haemoglobin (haemoglobin S) found in red blood cells. 

44. Answer: [C] Tripura

All given features are of Tripura state

45. Answer: [C] Venezuela

The Venezuelan government withdrew its largest banknote 100-bolivar from circulation in its latest attempt to tackle the world’s worst inflation crisis.

46. Answer: [A] New Delhi

The First International Agro biodiversity Congress– IAC 2016 was held at New Delhi. It consisted of 900 delegates from 60 countries, who encouraged a dialogue to better understand everyone’s role in agro biodiversity management and the conservation of genetic resources.

47. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Both are correct statements
Sickle Cell Anemia is a common blood disorder passed down from parents to children.The prevalence of Sickle Cell Anemia is higher in the tribal belt of Central, Western and Southern India. It is mainly confined to dravidians and pre-dravidians tribes inhabiting malaria endemic regions. 

48. Answer: [A] Tamil Nadu

Recently, world’s largest solar power plant has been inaugurated at Kamuthi, Tamil Nadu. With a capacity to produce 648 MW of electricity, the plant comprises 2.5 million individual solar modules.

49. Answer: [D] 1, 2, 3 & 4

Mudiyettu is a traditional ritual theatre and folk dance drama from Kerala. It was inscribed in the UNESCO’s Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity in 2010. Yoga is a group of physical, mental, and spiritual practices or disciplines which originated in ancient India. Yoga was listed as UNESCO’s Intangible cultural heritage on December 1, 2016. Kalbelia is one of the most sensuous dance forms of Rajasthan, performed by a tribe of the same name. It was declared a part of its Intangible Heritage List by the UNESCO in 2010. Ramman is a religious festival and ritual theatre of the Garhwal region in India. It was declared a part of its Intangible Heritage List by the UNESCO in 2009.

50. Answer: [A] One hectare

Tree cover is defined as small tree patches and isolated trees outside the recorded forest area which are less than one hectare in extent. The Minimum Mapping Unit for the forest cover assessment in India is one hectare.

51. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Both are correct statements
China launched the Gaofen project in May 2010 and has listed it as one of the 16 national important projects in science and technology. The Gaofen project aims to launch seven high-definition observation satellites before 2020. Gaofen-1, the first satellite of the project, was launched in April 2013. Gaofen-2 in low orbits (600-700km) around the earth and Gaofen-4 is located at the orbit 36,000km away from the earth and moves synchronously with the earth. 

52. Answer: [A] Open Forest

The India State of Forest Report (ISFR) 2015 states that the majority of the increase in forest cover has been observed in open forest category, followed by Very Dense Forest. While Open Forest area has increased by 9.14 per cent of the geographical area, the area under Very Dense Forest increased by 2.61% of the geographical area. 

53. Answer: [A] Kosovo and South Sudan

The Olympic Committee of Kosovo was represented at the Olympics 2016 Games for the first time since its formation in the wake of Yugoslavia’s break-up. Similarly, South Sudan which was formed in 2011, made its debut at the Olympics 2016.

54. Answer: [A] Jammu & Kashmir

Habbi Village in Rajouri district of Jammu and Kashmir has been inaugurated as India’s First smart tribal village.

55. Answer: [A] 1, 2 & 3 Only

Santhali, Munda and Hoe languages belong to the Austro-Asiastic family; Malto is a tribal language having its origin from the Dravidian family and is spoken in the Rajmahal hills of Jharkhand. The Austro-Asiatic language family consists of 169 languages spoken in Southeast Asia, in countries located between China and Indonesia.

56. Answer: [D] 1, 2 & 3

Dhamek Stupa is a massive stupa located at Sarnath, 13 km away from Varanasi in the state of Uttar Pradesh. The Dhamek Stupa was originally, probably, erected by Asoka, but the present ornamental covering belongs to the Gupta period. Amravati Stupa is located on the banks of River Krishna and though it was built during the reign of Ashoka in 200 BCE, it was enlarged and enclosed in richly carved marble slabs in the days of the Satavahana King. Bharut stupa is located is a village located in the Satna district of Madhya Pradesh.

57. Answer: [A] Ministry of Railways

The Regional Rapid Transit System (RRTS) in National Capital Region has got a Logo and Tagline highlighting the vision of “Gati Se Pragati” (Progress with Speed). 

58. Answer: [C] Andhra Pradesh

NTPC Ltd. is on course to implementing the country's largest 1 GW solar park at Kadiri in Anantapur district of Andhra Pradesh. Phase-I of the project has been completed by Tata Solar (100 MW), Sterling and Wilson (50 MW), BHEL (50MW) and Lanco (50 MW) and is generating power upto 250 MW. The balance 750 MW is expected to be completed over the course next fiscal by year 2018.

59. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Both are correct statements
The National Value Capture Policy Framework would help the government recover some value that public infrastructure investments generate for private landowners.

60. Answer: [B] Persons with disabilities

The Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment is working on providing “Universal Identity Cards” to all Divyangjan (persons with disabilities) which will be valid in all States for all schemes.

61. Answer: [A] Turtles

Operation Save Kurma was a species specific operation on turtles launched from December 15, 2016 to January 30, 2017. Under it total of 15,739 live turtles were recovered from 45 suspects, having inter-state linkages. It helped the enforcement agencies to focus on the existing trade routes and major trade hubs in the country, which will be continued in future.

62. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Both are correct statements
Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee (GEAC) has been established under the Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change (MoEFCC). It deals with approval of activities involving large scale use of hazardous microorganisms and recombinants.

63. Answer: [C] Haryana

Recently, the Haryana state government launched the vulture breeding and conservation programme at Pinjore. It is the Asia's first “Gyps Vulture Reintroduction Programme”.

64. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Both are correct statements
Urban Forestry Scheme acts against climate change by creating a carbon sink in polluted cities. The scheme includes a “smriti van” where any resident can plant a sapling in memory of his or her loved one by paying Rs 2000 to the state forest department.

65. Answer: [A] Ministry of Labour and Employment

The international conference on the VISION ZERO and its relevance to Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) is being organized from 15th to 17th, March 2017 at Vigyan Bhavan, New Delhi by Directorate General Factory Advice and Labour Institutes (DGFASLI).

66. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

First statement is incorrect because HIMANSH is a high altitude research station in Himalaya. Second statement is correct because the research station is located in the remote region in Lahaul-Spiti district of Himachal Pradesh. The research station has been established under the Ministry of Earth Sciences.  

67. Answer: [A] New Delhi

Indira Paryavaran Bhawan is a newly constructed building located in New Delhi. It is India’s first net zero energy building that has been constructed with adoption of solar passive design and energy-efficient building materials.

68. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Both are correct statements
Smart National Common Mobility Card (NCMC) is a model to enable seamless travel by different metros and other transport systems across the country besides retail shopping and purchases. It is an initiative of Ministry of Urban Development.  

69. Answer: [D] 1, 2 & 3

Japan has decided to develop Chennai, Ahmedabad and Varanasi as smart cities. 

70. Answer: [A] empowerment of women

The Pam Rajput committee recently submitted its interim report on “Status of Women in India” to the Ministry of Women and Child Development (MWCD). The committee has strongly supported the passage of Women’s Reservation Bill which has been hanging fire in Lok Sabha after being passed by the Upper House in 2010. However, it has called for 50% reservation instead of the current 33% reservation provided in the bill.

71. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Both are correct statements

72. Answer: [D] 1, 2 & 3

“Surya Kiran-XI” is a joint military exercise between India and Nepal and it recently began in the Pithoragarh area of Uttarakhand. The Surya Kiran series of exercises are being conducted biannually, alternatively in India and Nepal. It is two-week long exercise that aims at training of both the troops in the area of various counter insurgency operations over a prolonged period. Al Nagah-Ii 2017 is the joint military exercise between India and Oman. The aim of this exercise is to acquaint both forces with each other’s operating procedures, improve the interoperability in conducting joint operations. Mitra Shakti series of bilateral exercises is one of the major bilateral defence cooperation initiatives between India and Sri Lanka since 2013.


73. Answer: [B] 2 Only

First statement is incorrect because under the Jal Gram Yojana two water stressed villages in each district of the country are to be selected as Jal Grams and a comprehensive water security plan is formulated to achieve water security for these villages. A district level committee under the chairmanship of the District Magistrate is responsible for identifying the Jal Grams in every district. Jal Kranti Abhiyan was launched on 5th June, 2015 across the country. Recently, on March 07, 2017, Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation organized a national conference on Jal Kranti Abhiyan in New Delhi.

74. Answer: [D] 1, 2 & 3

First and second statements are correct because Bio Carbon Fund Initiative for Sustainable Forest Landscapes (ISFL) is a public-private program managed by World Bank. Third statement is again correct because it was launched at the UNFCCC COP19 in Warsaw, Poland.

75. Answer: [A] 1 Only

First statement is correct because as per the NGT Act, appeals from NGT can only go to the Supreme Court, thus by-passing the high courts. Second statement is incorrect because NGT Chairperson can be removed from office by an order of Central Government after an inquiry made by Judge of Supreme Court.

76. Answer: [B] Women entrepreneurs

Recently, Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) has started a scheme titled “Trade Related Entrepreneurship Assistance and Development (TREAD)” to promote women entrepreneurs. The scheme envisages economic empowerment of women through trade related training, information and counselling activities related to trades, products, services, etc. Under the scheme, there is a provision for Government of India grant up to 30% of the loan/credit maximum up to Rs. 30.00 lakh as appraised by lending institutions/ banks, thus, promoting “small-scale entrepreneurs”. An entrepreneur who has made investment in plant and machinery up to Rs 1.00 crore is called “small-scale entrepreneur”, while an entrepreneur who has made investment in plant and machinery more than Rs 5.00 crore is called ‘large-scale entrepreneur.’

77. Answer: [B] 2 Only

First statement is incorrect because the Living Planet Report is published in every two years by the World Wide Fund for Nature since 1998. Second statement is correct because as per the report, the rate of mass extinction of mammals is much higher in comparison of extinction of birds, reptiles and amphibians. Habitat loss and degradation, invasive species, and disease are the most common threats to mammals, reptiles, birds and amphibians.

78. Answer: [D] Tamil Nadu

India’s first Medipark has been proposed to be set up in Chennai, Tamil Nadu.  HLL Lifecare will possess more than 50 per cent shareholding in the park. The park has been proposed to be set up at Chengalpattu, located in the outskirts of Chennai.

79. Answer: [B] World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) and World Conservation Union (IUCN)

Second option is the correct answer
TRAFFIC is a joint programme of World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) and World Conservation Union (IUCN).

80. Answer: [A] 1 Only

First statement is correct because the draft provides for the establishment of State Level Wetland Authority in each state thus transferring the power from centre to states in matter related to decision on wetlands. Second statement is incorrect because the draft rules mention no ecological criteria to categorise a land as wetland. Wetland (Conservation and Management) Rules of 2010 had criteria for categorising a land as wetland on the basis of biodiversity, reefs, mangroves, and wetland complexes. But the new draft rules contain no ecological criteria for categorising a land as wetlands.

81. Answer: [A] Himachal Pradesh

As per the Great Backyard Bird Count (GBBC) 2017 report, nearly 45 per cent of the 1263 species of birds available in India are found in Himachal Pradesh. As per recent data, a total of 564 bird species were reported from Himachal Pradesh, out of which a total of 453 bird species were reported from the Kangra district only. 

82. Answer: [C] Western Ghats

Blue flowers of Neelakurinji blossoms only once in 12 years, and are predominantly found in Shola forest of Western Ghats. Nilgiri Hills, which literally means the Blue Mountains, got their name from the purplish blue flowers of Neelakurinji.

83. Answer: [D] 1, 2 & 3

Aleppo is a city in Syria and it was recently in news due to massive destruction n the Syrian Civil War. The Taliban has carried out repeated raids on Kunduz in northern Afghanistan. The area has been frequently in news due to NATO air strike and large killings. Sanaa is a city in Yemen which was in news due to Houthi Rebels.

84. Answer: [B] 1 & 3 Only

The Dugong and Seagrass Conservation Project aims to enhance the conservation of dugongs and their associated seagrass ecosystems in eight countries in the Indo-Pacific region, namely Indonesia, Madagascar, Malaysia, Mozambique, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Timor-Leste and Vanuatu.

85. Answer: [D] 1, 2 & 3

Asur is a particularly vulnerable tribal group that is mainly concentrated in Jharkhand. Lushai Tribe is an ethnic group native to north-eastern India mainly concentrated in Mizoram. Dongria Kondh is a tribal group mainly concentrated in the Niyamgiri Hills in Odisha. 

86. Answer: [A] Ministry of Minority Affairs

Nai Manzil is a scheme to provide education and market–driven job skill training to poor youth from minority communities.  “Nai Roshni” is a Leadership Development Programme for Minority Women. Upgrading the Skills and Training in Traditional Arts/Crafts for Development (USTTAD) is a scheme by Ministry of Minority Affairs.

87. Answer: [D] 1, 2 & 3

Kawal Tiger Reserve is located in Adilabad district in Telangana. Kawal wildlife sanctuary was declared as Tiger Reserve in 2012. It was recently in news when state forest department with the responsibility of wildlife protection, have consented to lift all restrictions on vehicular traffic on the 60-km stretch that passes through the tiger reserve. The Ratapani Tiger Reserve, located in the Raisen district of Madhya Pradesh. Sunabeda Wildlife Sanctuary is a proposed tiger reserve located in the Nuapada district of Odisha.

88. Answer: [D] 1, 2 & 3

India's Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) Tejas is the smallest and lightest Multi-Role Supersonic Fighter Aircraft of its class. LR-SAM is an Indian-Israeli surface-to-air missile (SAM). The Varunastra is an Indian advanced heavyweight anti-submarine torpedo, developed by Naval Science and Technological Laboratory of the DRDO.

89. Answer: [D] Tamil Nadu

The India State of Forest Report (ISFR) 2015 states that the maximum increase in forest cover has been observed in Tamil Nadu, followed by Kerala and Jammu & Kashmir.

90. Answer: [A] Forest Carbon Partnership Facility

The FCPF has two separate but complementary funding mechanisms—the Readiness Fund and the Carbon Fund. The Readiness Fund became operational in 2008 and it supports participating countries in the development of REDD+ strategies. The Carbon Fund became operational in 2011 and is designed to pilot performance-based payments for emission reductions from REDD+ programs in a few FCPF countries.

91. Answer: [B] 2 Only

National Crisis Management Committee (NCMC) headed by the Cabinet Secretary. The Prime Minister is the ex-officio chairperson of NDMA. National Committee on Trade Facilitation (NCTF) is again headed by the Cabinet Secretary.

92. Answer: [D] 1, 2 & 3

Ten of the eighteen biosphere reserves are a part of the World Network of Biosphere Reserves. The Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve was included in the list in year 2013. Agasthyamalai Biosphere Reserve became part of World Network of Biosphere Reserves in 2016. Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve was included in the list in year 2001.

93. Answer: [A] Fiscal deficit

The excess of total disbursements from the Consolidated Fund, excluding repayment of debt, over the total receipts into the Fund (excluding the debt receipts) during the financial year is called Fiscal deficit. 

94. Answer: [D] Nepal

SAFANSI’s goal is to foster the Food and Nutrition Security in South Asia. SUNITA is financing a number of tasks that are adding to the breadth of research and technical assistance in Nepal. 

95. Answer: [A] World Bank

The South Asia Food and Nutrition Security Initiative (SAFANSI) was established by as a multi-donor trust fund by a joint undertaking of the World Bank, DfID and AusAID. It was conceived in 2008 and formally commenced in 2010 to address the malnutrition problem in South Asia, despite high economic growth in the region.

96. Answer: [B] Kerala

Muziris was an ancient seaport and urban centre on the Malabar Coast that dates from at least the 1st century BC.  It was an important trading port, whose exports – especially black pepper–was well known across the world. Kerala has recently announced to develop the port as its first green project.

97. Answer: [B] United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs

The World Economic Situation and Prospects 2017 (WESP) has been published by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs.

98. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Both are correct statements

99. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Both are correct statements

100. Answer: [C] Pakistan

Operation Radd-ul-Fasaad war on terror operation launched by Pakistan Army on 22 February 2017 to eliminate terrorism across  Pakistan.