SLO

Target 2017 [Prelims]: Mock Test-22 [Solution]

Mock Test Series 2017: Mock Test- 22
1. Answer: [B] 3 Only

The Marrakesh Treaty facilitates Access to Published Works for Persons Who Are Blind, Visually Impaired, or Otherwise Print Disabled. India ratified the treaty on 30th June, 2014, thereby, becoming the first country to do so. The Refugee Convention 1951 governs how the nations should treat distressed people who are forced to leave their homes under harrowing conditions. India is neither a signatory to the convention nor its 1967 Protocol, which has 140 signatories. The Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction or Hague Abduction Convention is a multilateral treaty developed by the Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH). India is not a signatory to the Hague Convention.

2. Answer: [C] 1, 2 & 3

The Price Stabilisation Fund was initially proposed to be used for onion and potato but in the 2015-16 fiscal, the fund was being used for import of pulses as well as creation of buffer stock of lentils as the prices of these commodities were continuing to rule high. 

3. Answer: [D] Solar System

TRAPPIST-1 is a newly discovered solar system that is 39 light years from Earth. It has been discovered by National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).

4. Answer: [A] It aims to keep the parents informed of their ward’s progress in schools

The Shaala Darpan Project keeps the parents informed of their ward’s progress in schools. It is available as a mobile app.

5. Answer: [B] speed up customs clearances for consignments

SWIFT stands for Single Window Interface for Facilitating Trade (SWIFT). It has been launched by the Central Board of Excise and Customs (CBEC) as an initiative to speed up customs clearances for consignments and improve ‘ease of doing business. It provides a single-point interface for clearance and is expected to reduce documentation and costs. It is expected to cover and benefit over 97 per cent of India’s imports. The single window connects over 50 offices of six government agencies with the Indian customs department. These are the Food Safety Standards Authority of India (FSSAI); Department of Plant Protection, Quarantine and Storage; Drug Controller; Animal Quarantine; Wild Life Crime Control Bureau and Textile Committee

6. Answer: [D] Neither 1 nor 2

Both are incorrect statements
First statement is incorrect because it is not a GM (genetically modified) crop. Second statement is incorrect because it is a zinc- rich rice plant developed by the Indian Institute of Rice Research (IIRR). Zinc is important for the body because over 300 enzymes in our body use zinc as an essential component in their action. Zinc is essential in supporting our immune system, in synthesising (and degrading) DNA, in wound healing and several other activities. 

7. Answer: [D] Kolkata to Tuticorin

India’s first East Coast Economic Corridor extends from Kolkata in West Bengal to Tuticorin in Tamil Nadu near the southern-most point of the country. The project is funded by the Asian Development Bank (ADB).

8. Answer: [A] Heritage Foundation

Index of Economic Freedom is an annual ranking of the economic freedom of 186 countries from property rights to entrepreneurship published by the Heritage Foundation.

9. Answer: [A] G-20

The 2016 G20 Hangzhou summit was held on 4–5 September 2016. “Hangzhou Consensus” calls on the G20 to deliver more inclusive economic growth through co-ordinated macroeconomic policy, open trade and innovation.

10. Answer: [C] India

ASEAN+3 include the 10 members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Viet Nam) plus the China, Japan, and Korea.

11. Answer: [A] 1 & 2 Only

South Asia Sub-regional Economic Cooperation consists of six member countries—Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, and Sri Lanka. It aims to promote greater economic cooperation among the member countries. The East Asia Summit (EAS) is a forum of 18 countries. India is one of its founder members. India is not a member of International Criminal Court.

12. Answer: [C] Karnataka

The Yettinahole project is an ambitious project of the Karnataka state government. The project is aimed at providing water from Yettinahole (Netravati) to the parched districts of south Karnataka. It envisages the construction of eight dams and its impact on the flora and fauna is bound to be negative. Yettinahole region is a part of Western Ghats and thus region of ecological importance. It is home to large number of plants and animal species, birds, frogs, butterflies, fish and snails. Since the river recharges the underground aqueduct, tanks and wells, it provides a habitat to lesser-known species and aquatic animals, so its diversion or making embankments to regulate its flow must be avoided.

13. Answer: [B] Egypt

The mega cultural festival “India by the Nile” is organised in Egypt. It is celebration of Indian music, dance, theatre, visual arts, food and wellbeing, and is the largest foreign festival in Egypt.

14. Answer: [D] Neither 1 nor 2

First statement is incorrect because samba rice is grown extensively in Tamil Nadu. Second statement is again incorrect because this rice is grown for a longer duration or is a long-duration rice variety compared to other types of rice. It was recently in news when the Supreme Court directed Karnataka state government to release 15,000 cusecs of Cauvery water to Tamil Nadu for 10 days in an attempt to save the samba crops.

15. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Both are correct statements
The Global Initiative for Academics Network (GIAN) is an initiative of Union Ministry of Human Resource Development. It aims to attract the best foreign academics to Indian Universities of Excellence. Under this initiative 352 courses are being offered by foreign faculty from 38 Countries.

16. Answer: [A] Continent

Zealandia is a newly discovered continent. New Zealand and New Caledonia are part of the new continent, which is about as big as greater India.

17. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Imprint India is an Inter Ministerial Group that consists of Ministry of Human Resource Development (HRD), the Ministry of Defence, the Department of Science & Technology, the Department of Biotechnology, and the Ministry of Rural Development, etc. It is a Pan-IIT and IISc joint initiative to develop a roadmap for research to solve major engineering and technology challenges in ten technology domains relevant to India. 

18. Answer: [D] 1, 2, 3 & 4

The Cauvery water issue dates back to 1892 when an agreement was filed between Madras Presidency and Mysore for arbitration but led to a fresh set of disputes. The Cauvery basin covers a large expanse of land including major chunks in Karnataka and Tamil Nadu and also smaller areas in Kerala and Puducherry. Initially, the dispute was between Karnataka and TN but later Kerala and Puducherry also entered the fray.

19. Answer: [A] 1 & 2 Only

Pakistan scheduled to host the 19th summit of South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) in Islamabad on 15 TO 16 November 2016. But India including Afghanistan, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Maldives decided not to attend SAARC SUMMIT due to 2016 Uri attack. So Pakistan tried to postpone the SAARC summit but the summit actually got cancelled.

20. Answer: [A] 1 & 2 Only

First and second statements are correct. Third statement is incorrect because seaweed farming in India is very poor; in fact, it is confined to limited parts of Tamil Nadu, Gujarat and Andaman & Nicobar Islands. Though India is bestowed with a coastline of more than 17,000 km, it has not taken up seaweed cultivation interestingly. Asia stands as the world leader in seaweed cultivation and more than 80% is contributed by China, Korea and Japan. Only recently, seaweed cultivation is picking up in certain coastal districts of the Tamil Nadu state. Seaweeds are rich in minerals, vitamins, trace elements and bioactive substances, and therefore, seaweeds are called medical food of the 21st century.

21. Answer: [C] Russia

Recently, India and Russia have signed an agreement to set up integrated irradiation centres in India to reduce agricultural losses. The irradiation centres are recommended by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). In the first phase, seven centres are proposed to be set up in Maharashtra.

22. Answer: [D] 1, 2 & 3

The Mahadayi or Mandovi river water dispute is between the states of Maharashtra, Karnataka and Goa, and is over 30 years old.  Tungabhadra water dispute is between the states of Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. Bhavani river water dispute is between Tamil Nadu and Kerala.

23. Answer: [B] Sonar Systems

AIDSS stands for Advanced Indigenous Distress Sonar System (AIDSS). HUMSA-UG stands for Upgrade for the Hull-Mounted Sonar Array.  NACS stands for Near-field Acoustic Characterization System. Abhay is a Compact Hull-Mounted Sonar for Small Ships & Shallow Water Crafts system.

24. Answer: [D] 1, 2, 3 & 4

Land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF) is defined by the United Nations Climate Change Secretariat as a “greenhouse gas inventory sector that covers emissions and removals of greenhouse gases resulting from direct human-induced land use, land-use change and forestry activities”. The recently concluded Marrakesh Accords provides definitions for four new LULUCF activities that help to meet the emission targets. These are: Forest management; cropland management; grazing land management and revegetation.

25. Answer: [D] 1, 2 & 3

All given statements are correct
Other features of the policy are:

  • It aims to reduce mortality rate of children less than 5 years of age to 23 (per 1000) by 2025
  • It aims to reduce the maternal mortality rate (MMR) from current levels to 100 by 2020
  • It aims at reduction infant mortality rate to 28 by 2019. Reduce neo-natal mortality to 16 and still birth rate to “single digit” by 2025

 

26. Answer: [B] 2 Only

First statement is incorrect because TanSat is a Chinese Earth observation satellite. Second statement is correct because the satellite aims at monitoring carbon dioxide in Earth’s atmosphere. TanSat carries two instruments: the Carbon Dioxide Spectrometer and the Cloud and Aerosol Polarimetry Imager.

27. Answer: [D] China

Recently, China launched the world’s longest secure telecommunications network, a 712-km quantum communication line. It is part of a 2,000-km quantum communication line connecting Beijing and Shanghai. Quantum communication lines are highly secure and it is almost impossible to wiretap, intercept or crack the information transmitted through them.

28. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

The Union Ministry of Agriculture has launched Mission Fingerling, a programme to enable holistic development and management of fisheries sector in India with a total expenditure of about Rs. 52000 lakh.  This program will facilitate the establishment of Fingerling rearing pond and hatcheries to ensure the fish production of 426 crores fish fingerling, 25.50 crores Post Larvae of shrimp and crab in the country.

29. Answer: [D] 1, 2 & 3

The Berne Convention is an international agreement Protection of Literary and Artistic Works. The Montreux Record is a register of wetland sites on the List of Wetlands of International Importance where changes in ecological character have occurred. The Basel Convention is an international agreement on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal.

30. Answer: [A] 1 Only

The Trade Infrastructure for Export Scheme (TIES) aims at setting up and up- gradation of infrastructure projects with overwhelming export linkages like Border Haats, Land customs stations, quality testing and certification labs, dry ports, trade promotion centres, export warehousing and packaging, SEZs and ports/airports and cargo terminuses. The Central Government funding will be in the form of grant-in-aid, which will not be more than the equity being put in by the implementing agency or 50% of the total equity in the project, or 80% of the equity in case of projects in the north-eastern states.

31. Answer: [A] Myanmar

Recently, the Central Government proposed setting up of Four Border Haats in Mizoram to facilitate border trade with Myanmar. 

32. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Both are correct statements

33. Answer: [D] Great Indian Bustard

All given features are of Great Indian Bustard. It is the state bird of Rajasthan.

34. Answer: [D] 1, 2 & 3

All given statements are correct

35. Answer: [C] Indian roller

All given features are of Indian roller

36. Answer: [A] Ministry of Human Resource Development

The Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) has launched a programme called Unnat Bharat Abhiyan. The objectives of Unnat Bharat Abhiyan are:

  • Building institutional capacity in Institutes of higher education in research & training relevant to the needs of rural India
  • Provide rural India with professional resource support from institutes of higher education in the field of Science, Engineering & Technology and Management

37. Answer: [C] Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises

The Ministry of MSME is providing skill development training in rural and urban areas through number of schemes for the revival of the sick MSMEs, and to enhance competitiveness of Indian MSMEs, to face stiff competition from other countries including China and other neighbouring countries. These schemes include National Manufacturing Competitiveness Programme, Support for Entrepreneurial and Managerial Development of SMEs through Incubators, Cluster Development Programme, Credit Guarantee Scheme, Credit Linked Capital Subsidy Scheme and Marketing Assistance Scheme. 

38. Answer: [D] 1, 2, 3 & 4

Accelerated Irrigation Benefits Programme (AIBP) aims at providing financial assistance to Major, Medium and Micro Irrigation projects (including Lift and Surface). It does not focus on Micro-irrigation.

39. Answer: [D] Neither 1 nor 2

First statement is incorrect because Lift Irrigation is a method of Irrigation in which water is not transported by natural flow but is lifted with pumps or other means. Second statement is incorrect because India’s first lift irrigation project has been started in Andhra Pradesh. The Pattiseema lift irrigation project is described as the country’s first lift irrigation project. It has been also described as the first river linking project in country, connecting Godavari with Krishna in this lower riparian state. The project has been completed in a record time of one year.

40. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Both are correct statements

41. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

International Criminal Court is a permanent international court established to investigate, prosecute and try individuals accused of committing the most serious crimes of concern to the international community. The International Criminal Court can only intervene where a State is unable or unwilling genuinely to carry out the investigation and prosecute the perpetrators. It was established on 17 July 1998 by the first treaty-based permanent international criminal court. The treaty adopted during that conference is known as the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. The seat of the Court is in the Hague in the Netherlands. The Rome Statute provides that the Court may sit elsewhere whenever the judges consider it desirable.

42. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Both are correct statements
The Eastern Dedicated Freight Corridor is 1,840 km long and extends from Ludhiana in Punjab to Kolkata in West Bengal. The project is funded by the World Bank. The project will benefit industries of Northern and Eastern India, which rely on railway network for transportation of material inputs and exports. It would accelerate creation of jobs in the northern and eastern regions of the country.

43. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Both are correct statements
The Global Gender Gap Report is published by the World Economic Forum.  As per 2016 report, India has been ranked at 87th place, with a jump of 21 places from year 2015. The progress is largely due to progress on the education front. Iceland has topped the chart.

44. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Both are correct statements
Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) is a centrally sponsored scheme. It aims to reduce the maternal mortality rate and infant mortality rate by facilitating pregnant women with institutional delivery. The scheme is implemented with the help of ASHA (Accredited Social Health Activist). The scheme provides performance based incentive to women health volunteers known as ASHA (Accredited Social Health Activist) for promoting institutional delivery among pregnant women.

45. Answer: [B] BRICS

The BRICS nations have adopted the “New Delhi Declaration on Education”, resolving to ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote life-long learning opportunities for all. The declaration was adopted at a conference of Education Ministers of the BRICS nations-Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa.

46. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Both are correct statements

47. Answer: [A] 1 Only

First statement is correct because Swachh Bharat Kosh includes voluntary philanthropic contributions and Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) funds towards this cause. Second statement is incorrect because the fund is administered by the Governing Council chaired by Secretary, Department of Expenditure. 

48. Answer: [C] 2 & 3 Only

The World Giving Index (WGI) is an annual report published by the Charities Aid Foundation. It ranks over 140 countries in the world according to how charitable they are. The World Bank's World Development Report, published annually since 1978. It provides in-depth analysis of a specific aspect of economic development. Global Financial Development Report is published by the World Bank. It was first launched in 2012. It provides policy recommendations on how to develop sustainable financial sectors that promote economic growth.

49. Answer: [A] 1 Only

First statement is correct because commercial paper is an unsecured money market instrument issued in the form of promissory notes. Corporates, primary dealers (PDs) and the All-India Financial Institutions (FIs) are eligible to issue CP. Second statement is incorrect because Individuals, banking companies, other corporate bodies (registered or incorporated in India) and unincorporated bodies, Non-Resident Indians (NRIs) and Foreign Institutional Investors (FIIs) etc. can invest in CPs. 

50. Answer: [D] Neither 1 nor 2

First statement is incorrect because BrahMos-II is a short-range scramjet supersonic cruise missile. Second statement is incorrect because it has been jointly developed by Russian Federation's NPO Mashinostroeyenia and India's Defence Research Development Organization.

51. Answer: [D] 1, 2, 3 & 4

A Non-Banking Financial Company (NBFC) is a company registered under the Companies Act, 1956 engaged in the business of loans and advances, and is engaged in buying and selling of securities. But NBFC cannot accept demand deposits; does not form a part of the payment and settlement system; Deposit Insurance and Credit Guarantee Corporation.

52. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Both are correct statements
Habitat-III is a United Nations Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development. It sets the global vision of sustainable urbanization for the next 20 years.

53. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Both are correct statements

54. Answer: [B] 1 Only

Currently, four border Haats are operational, along the India-Bangladesh border. Two border Haats are located in Meghalaya at Kalaichar and Balat and two are located in Tripura at Srinagar and Kamalasagar. There are no borders Haats in operation along the Bhutan and Pakistan borders.

55. Answer: [A] World Bank Group

The phrase “put a price on carbon” was given by the World Bank Group. It calls around the world to support carbon pricing to bring down emissions.

56. Answer: [C] Mahindra & Mahindra

Internal Carbon Pricing acts as tool for the company’s decarbonisation strategy. An internal carbon price is a value that the company sets itself voluntarily in order to internalise the economic cost of its greenhouse gas emissions.

57. Answer: [C] Hangul

All given characteristics are of Hangul
It is found in dense riverine forests in the high valleys and mountains of the Kashmir Valley and northern Chamba district in Himachal Pradesh. It has been recently declared critically endangered species by Red Data Book of the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN).

58. Answer: [C] Seaweeds

Single Rope Floating Raft (SRFR) method developed by Central Salt and Marine Chemical Research Institute (CSMCRI) is suitable for culturing seaweeds in wide area and greater depth.

59. Answer: [D] 1, 2 & 3

Dongs are ponds constructed by the Bodo tribes of Assam to harvest water for irrigation. Jampois are small irrigation channels linking rice fields to streams in the Jalpaiguri district of West Bengal. The katas, mundas and bandhas were the main irrigation sources in the ancient tribal kingdom of the Gonds (now in Odisha and Madhya Pradesh).

60. Answer: [B] 2 Only

Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme (AIBP) aims to focus on faster completion of ongoing Major, Minor, Medium Irrigation including National Projects but NOT Micro Irrigation. Micro-irrigation encompasses drip and sprinkler technologies. Jal Sinchan is associated with construction of micro-irrigation structures to supplement source creation activities.  Jal Sanchay is construction rain water harvesting structures for minor irrigation. Major irrigation has cultivable command area above 10,000 ha. Medium irrigation has cultivable command area between 2000 ha to 10,000 ha. Minor irrigation has cultivable command area less than 2000 ha.

61. Answer: [A] 1 & 2 Only

“Sarathi” is Indian Coast Guard Ship, third ship in the series of six Offshore Patrol Vessels (OPV) commissioned by Goa Shipyard Ltd (GSL). The cost of the boat is Rs.1.7-crore. The boat makes no noise, or causes any pollution, unlike the diesel powered ones. INS Sarvekshak is a hydrographic survey ship in the Indian Navy, under the Southern Naval Command. The Varunastra is an Indian advanced heavyweight anti-submarine torpedo.

62. Answer: [B] Mumbai

The first International Arbitration Centre of India was inaugurated in Mumbai, Maharashtra to provide an arbitration platform for Indian business houses to negotiate commercial disputes. The MCIA is an independent, not-for-profit organization (NGO) governed by a council comprising eminent national and international legal luminaries.

63. Answer: [A] Overleveraged companies and the rising NPAs

India's Twin Balance Sheet problem- overleveraged and distressed companies and the rising NPAs in Public Sector Bank balance sheets.

64. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Both are correct statements

65. Answer: [B] 2 Only

First statement is incorrect because it is an initiative of Union Ministry of Health & Family Welfare. Second statement is correct because the main objective of ‘Mission Parivas Vikas’ will be to accelerate access to high quality family planning choices based on information, reliable services and supplies within a rights-based framework.

66. Answer: [D] Neither 1 nor 2

First statement is incorrect because the scheme is an initiative under the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship. Second statement is incorrect because the Regional Directorates of Apprenticeship Training (RDATs) are the implementing agencies for Central Public Sector Undertakings and those private establishments operating in 4 or more States, while the State Apprenticeship Advisers are the implementing agencies for State Public Sector Undertakings and Private Sectors establishments in their respective States.

67. Answer: [D] 1, 2 & 3

All given statements are correct
National Council on River Ganga is a proposed body which would replace the existing National Ganga River Basin Authority. It will be headed by the Prime Minister. The Council will have powers to issue directions and also to exercise the powers under the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986

68. Answer: [B] 2 Only

First statement is incorrect because Heritage Heroes Award is given by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Second statement is correct Bibhuti Lahkar, an Assam-based ecologist and conservation activist became the first Asian to be awarded the prestigious “Heritage Heroes Award”. Bibhuti Lahkar has been working to save the grasslands, flora and fauna of Manas National Park area for the past two decades and is currently engaged as Manas Landscape Administrator for Aaranyak, an NGO working for biodiversity conservation in northeast India.

69. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Small Farmers Agri-Business Consortium (SFAC) acts as a Lead promoter of National Agriculture Market. SFAC acts as the lead agency for the development of the National e-Market by the Ministry of Agriculture. It utilizes the Agri-Tech Infrastructure Fund to promote the pan-India electronic trading portal for agricultural produce in country. The fund is managed by the Small Farmers Agri-Business Consortium (SFAC).

70. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Both are correct statements
Higher Education Financing Agency aims to provide funds to boost research oriented infrastructure for premiere Indian institutions like IITs, NITs and IIMs.HEFA would be jointly promoted by the identified promoter and HRD ministry with an authorised capital of Rs 2,000 crore of which government equity would be Rs 1,000 crore.

71. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Both are correct statements
SETU was announced in the Budget for 2015-16 with a corpus of Rs 1,000 crore to be implemented by NITI Aayog. The scheme was positioned as a techno-financial, incubation and facilitation programme to support all aspects of start-up business and other self-employment activity, particularly in technology-driven areas. The scheme was recently in news due to its below average performance.

72. Answer: [C] 2 & 3 Only

PRASAD stands for Pilgrimage Rejuvenation and Spiritual Augmentation-To improve the infrastructure at pilgrimage places. It is a scheme under the Ministry of Tourism. 

73. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Both are correct statements
Under the scheme, while the most deprived and marginalised like the disabled, female and children rescued from trafficking, sexual exploitation and transgender will get Rs 3 lakhs, the next in order is the special category comprising of females and the minors who will now get Rs 2 lakhs. A normal adult male bonded labour will get Rs. 1 lakh. The scheme proposes the new package the money to remain in an annuity account, controlled by the District Magistrate of the concerned district.

74. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Both are correct statements
The National Legal Services Authority (NALSA) has been constituted under the Legal Services Authorities Act, 1987 to provide free Legal Services to the weaker sections of the society and to organize Lok Adalats for amicable settlement of disputes.

75. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Both are correct statements
Technology Acquisition and Development Fund is an initiative under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry. It aims to catalyze the manufacturing growth in MSME sector. The scheme will facilitate resource conservation activities in industries located in NIMZ. The fund will support, via subsidies, manufacturing of equipment/machines/devices for controlling pollution, reducing energy consumption and water conservation. 

76. Answer: [D] Neither 1 nor 2

First statement is incorrect because the scheme is an initiative under the Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment. Second statement is again incorrect because the scheme aims to provide affordable Health Insurance to the persons with disabilities (PwDs). 

77. Answer: [D] Telangana

Mission Bhagiratha is a Water Grid Scheme of Telangana government. It aims to provide safe drinking water to every household in the rural areas.

78. Answer: [C] 2 & 3 Only

First statement is incorrect because the World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO), a United Nations Organisation based in Geneva, administers the Marrakesh Treaty. Third statement is correct because the treaty facilitates Access to Published Works for Persons Who Are Blind, Visually Impaired, or Otherwise Print Disabled. Second statement is correct because India ratified the treaty on 30th June, 2014, thereby, becoming the first country to do so.

79. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Both are correct statements
The main objective of the ‘Swachh Swasth Sarvatra’ initiative is to build on and leverage achievements of two complementary programmes Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) and Kayakalp. It is a joint initiative between the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation and the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. It focuses on sanitation and hygiene works in the country.

80. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Both are correct statements
WIFEX stands for Winter Fog Experiment (WIFEX). It is an initiative under the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES). It aims to develop better forecasting of winter fog on various time and spatial scales, and help reduce its adverse impact on aviation, transportation and economy, and loss of human life due to accidents. 

81. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Both are correct statements
The “Kayakalp” initiative encourages every public health facility in the country to work towards standards of excellence to help the facilities stay clean and hygienic. 

82. Answer: [A] power generation

Supercritical and Ultra-supercritical technologies are associated with power generation.

83. Answer: [A] 1 Only

The Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction or Hague Abduction Convention is a multilateral treaty developed by the Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH). Recently, the Law Commission endorsed acceding to the Hague convention. But the Women and Child Development Ministry denied ratifying the convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction (1980), which states that once India ratifies the multilateral treaty, then the government will have to send back women, who have escaped bad marriages abroad and brought their child along with them to India, back to the country of the father’s residence. Once India ratifies the treaty, it will have to automatically recognise foreign judgments regardless of the justness of the decision on custody under law or whether was delivered ex parte. Pakistan ratified the convention on 1 March, 2017.

84. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Department of Science & Technology has started National Initiative for Developing and Harnessing Innovations (NIDHI) with initial corpus of Rs. 100 crore to support start-ups in India.

85. Answer: [A] 1 & 2 Only

Uttarakhand High Court has declared Ganga and Yamuna and their tributaries “juristic/legal persons/living entities having the status of a legal person”. Sutlej is the easternmost tributary of the Indus River and not of Ganga or Yamuna.

86. Answer: [A] ingestion of unpasteurized milk or undercooked meat

Brucellosis is an infectious disease caused by a type of bacteria called Brucella. The bacteria can spread from animals to humans. The bacteria cause the disease mainly due to ingestion of unpasteurized milk or undercooked meat.

87. Answer: [B] World Intellectual Property Organization

The Global Innovation Index (GII) is an annual ranking of countries for their success in, innovation. It is published by Cornell University, INSEAD, and the World Intellectual Property Organization.

88. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Both are correct statements
The fund is a non-lapsable fund. It aims at enhancing the safety mechanism in Indian Railways. It will be used for the works of Track Renewal and Upgradation, Bridge Rehabilitation, Elimination of Level Crossings, Construction of Road Over Bridges/Road Under Bridges, Replacement and Improvement of Signalling System, Improvement and Upgradation of Rolling Stock, Replacement of Electrical Assets and Human Resource Development. 

89. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Both are correct statements
Neerdhur is a novel multi-fuel domestic cooking stove. It has been developed by National Environmental and Engineering Research Institute (Neeri). Neerdhur reduces cooking times and is super efficient. Fuel like coal, cow dung, agricultural residue and wood can be used by the stove. It also saves 50% fuel and has high thermal efficiency. 

90. Answer: [B] 2 Only

First statement is incorrect because Forest-PLUS programme is a bilateral program between India and United States. Second statement is correct because the programme aims to accelerate India’s transition to a low-carbon economy through REDD+ actions.

91. Answer: [B] 2 Only

First statement is incorrect because TAPAS 201 (Rustom-II) is India’s indigenously developed Medium Altitude Long Endurance (MALE) UAV. Second statement is correct because it has been developed by Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO). 

92. Answer: [A] 1 & 2 Only

First and Second statements are correct. Third statement is incorrect because China’s Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical Telescope (FAST), is the world's biggest radio telescope.

93. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Both are correct statements

94. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Both are correct statements

95. Answer: [C] Mandi and Sindhudurg

Mandi in Himachal Pradesh and Sindhudurg in Maharashtra have emerged the cleanest districts in India according Gramin Swachh Survekshan. Sindhudurg was judged as the cleanest in the ‘Plains’ category and Mandi in the cleanest district in ‘Hills’ category. The Gramin Swachh Survekshan report was released by the Union Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation, Rural Development and Panchayati Raj.

96. Answer: [A] Uses of the Waters of International Rivers

First option is the correct answer

97. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Both are correct statements

98. Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Both are correct statements

99. Answer: [A] 1 Only

First statement is correct because Price Stabilisation Fund (PSF) Scheme aims to control the price of perishable agri-horticultural commodities. It provides interest free loan to State Governments/Union Territories and Central agencies to manage the resources. Second statement is incorrect because the Price Stabilization Fund is managed centrally by a Price Stabilization Fund Management Committee (PSFMC), which approves all proposals from State Governments and Central Agencies. The PSF is maintained in a Central Corpus Fund account by Small Farmers Agri-Business Consortium (SFAC), which will act as Fund Manager.  

100. Answer: [A] 1 Only

First statement is correct because the core principle of the 1951 Refugee Convention is non-refoulement, which asserts that a refugee should not be returned or repatriated to a country where they face serious threats to their life or freedom. Second statement is incorrect because India is not a signatory to the convention.

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