GS-II: Social Justice

Tibetan Refugees in India and Rehabilitation Policy, 2014

September 10, 2017

During history, Tibet has been an avid invader as well as victim of frequent invasions. The invasion of China in 1951 resulted in Chinese occupation of Tibet. Large numbers of Tibetan refugees first arrived in India in March 1959 after the Chinese suppression of an uprising and the fight...

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Chakma-Hajong Issue: Background, Current Status

September 9, 2017

For many years, Arunachal Pradesh is crippled with two separate refugee related issues viz. Chakma-Hajong and Tibetan Refugees. The crux of the issue is that central government / judiciary have mandated to settle them in the state while the locals are protesting. Chakma-Hajong Refugees Chakmas are Buddhist and Hazongs...

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The Code on Wages Bill, 2017

September 3, 2017

Note: We have discussed labour reforms earlier for several times. Labour and labour reforms come under the concurrent list except exceptional matters related to labour in safety mines and oil fields (which come under union list). Since the subject is concurrent, both states and centre are able to make...

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Recent Government Policy on Knee Implants

August 18, 2017

People in India frequently suffer from joint pain and arthritis. There has been a rise in the cases of surgeries and knee replacements by 30% from 2004 to 2008. The huge profit margin extracted out of the business of knee implants has made the National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority (NPPA)...

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Domestic Workers in India: Status, Issues, Legal and Policy Framework

August 16, 2017

As per the ILO convention 189, a domestic worker is a person engaged in domestic chores within an employment relationship. India is witnessing a constant increase in the number of domestic workers. Lack of bargaining powers makes domestic workers as one of the most exploited sections of the society....

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Section 436-A of CRPC and Home Ministry Guidelines on Undertrials

August 12, 2017

What are the provisions of section 436A of the CrPC and home ministry’s guidelines regarding undertrials? Why these fail to alleviate the plight of undertrials? Section 436A was introduced in the Criminal Procedure Code, 1973 vide an amendment in 2005. It provides for the maximum period for which an...

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Short Note: Tribal Ministry’s Plan to Create Online Database on Tribals

August 7, 2017

What is the proposed plan of Tribal Ministry to create an Online Database of Tribals? What this database will be like? With 10 crore Scheduled Tribes comprising of 8.6% of India’s population, the tribal population forms a part of the unique culture and history of India. Their contribution whether...

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Short Note: Current Government policy on LPG Subsidy

August 3, 2017

What is the current government policy on LPG subsidy? Why have the companies been asked to hike the LPG prices by Rs. 4 per month? The current government provides a subsidy of around Rs 58 on LPG cylinders used for domestic purposes and around Rs 28 is borne by...

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Illegal Mining: Recent SC Order and Its Relevence

August 3, 2017

What is the recent Supreme Court Order on Illegal Mining and how it is a benchmark ruling? In its recent landmark judgement on illegal mining, the Supreme Court has imposed a penalty of 100% on the mining companies who had indulged in this practice. The matter came before the apex...

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Minimum Wages Act, 1948: Wage Fixing Method, Issues and Next Steps

August 3, 2017

How is minimum wage decided under the Minimum Wages Act, 1948? What are key problems of this act apart from being very old? What may be next steps of the central government towards addressing these problems? In the Minimum Wages Act, 1948 the minimum wages are fixed or revised...

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