With reference to the ancient Sraman tradition, which among the following statements is / are correct?
1. It was a non-Vedic religious movement
2. It is generally known to have given rise to both Jainism and Buddhism
3. The concepts of Samsara and Moksha are generally ascribed to Sraman tradition
Choose the correct option from the codes given below:

Answer: [D] 1, 2 & 3

Sramana was a non-Vedic Indian religious movement parallel to but separate from the historical Vedic religion. The Sramana tradition gave rise to Yoga, Jainism, Buddhism, and some nastika schools of Hinduism such as Carvaka and Ajivika, and also popular concepts in all major Indian religions such as  sansara (the cycle of birth and death) and moksha (liberation from that cycle).

This question is a part of GKToday's Integrated IAS General Studies Module