Consider the following statements:
1. Low pitch sound has low frequency and high pitch of sound has high frequency
2. Soft sound has small pitch and louder sound has large pitch
Which among the above statements is / are correct?

Answer: [A] Only 1

Excerpt from NCERT Class IX Science.

How the brain interprets the frequency of an emitted sound is called its pitch. The faster the vibration of the source, the higher is the frequency and the higher is the pitch.  Thus, a high pitch sound corresponds to more number of compressions and rarefactions passing a fixed point per unit time. Objects of different sizes and conditions vibrate at different frequencies to produce sounds of different pitch. The loudness or softness of a sound is determined basically by its amplitude. The amplitude of the sound wave depends upon the force with which an object is made to vibrate. If we strike a table lightly, we hear a soft sound because we produce a sound wave of less energy (amplitude). If we hit the table hard we hear a loud sound. Can you tell why? Loud sound can travel a larger distance as it is associated with higher energy. A sound wave spreads out from its source. As it moves away from the source its amplitude as well as its loudness decreases.

This question is a part of GKToday's Integrated IAS General Studies Module