With reference to the relief features of Northern Plains, consider the following statements:
1. Bhabhar refers to the narrow belts of pebbles, usually parallel to the slope of river beds
2. Bhangar is old alluvium and Khadar is new alluvium
3. Bhangar is usually mixed with Kankar
Which among the above statements is / are correct?

Answer: [D] 1, 2 & 3

Bhabar belt is adjacent to the foothills of the Himalayas and consists of boulders and pebbles which have been carried down by the river streams. As the porosity of this belt is very high, the streams flow underground. The Bhabar is generally narrow about 7–15 km wide. Bhabar is wider in the western plains in comparison to the eastern plans of Assam.

The porosity of Bhabar is so high that most of the narrow streams get disappeared in this belt only and some of them go underground. This is also one reason that it is not suitable for crops and only big trees are able to survive.

Thus, Bhabar belt is a narrow belt that is located above the Terai belt, also sometimes known as Himalayan foothills. It is made up of porous and rocky soils that get made of the debris washed down from the higher ranges.  Streams disappear in this belt.

This question is a part of GKToday's Integrated IAS General Studies Module