The Pabna rebellion was different from most contemporary peasant rebellions. Consider the following statements with this respect:
1. The Pabna rebellion was well organized in comparison to other peasant rebellions
2. The Peasants took legal course of action against the British Government
3. The movement was totally non-violent
Which among the above statements is / are correct?
This movement began as the peasants organised an agrarian league in May 1873 to resist the demands of the zamindars. Pabna (now in Bangladesh) was a jute production and trading centre and was relatively prosperous. Here half of the cultivators had managed to win occupancy rights because of the Bengal Tenancy Act, 1859. But the zamindari rents had increased multiple times. The zamindars tried to stop the peasants to get occupancy right and this was a reason of revolt there.
In the above question, the first statement is correct because the peasants were much more organised than in other revolts via meetings, appeals and marches. The second statement is also correct as they moved to the court and challenged the zamindars. They also raised funds to pay for legal expenses. To meet the cost of legal battle, the peasants even raised funds.
The third statement is not correct. The movement was nonviolent to some extent but Zamindars were killed at some places and violence did happen.
This question is a part of GKToday's Integrated IAS General Studies Module