Which among the following statements with respect to the Ilbert Bill is / are correct?
1.The Ilbert Bill (1884) Controversy caused the greatest racial cleavage in India prior to establishment of the Indian National Congress
2.Viceroy Ripon actually desired to abolish the racial prejudice from the Indian Penal Code while introducing this bill
Choose the correct option from the codes given below:

Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2 are correct

This bill was introduced in 1883 by Viceroy Ripon, who actually desired to abolish the racial prejudice from the Indian Penal Code. Ripon had proposed an amendment for existing laws in the country and to allow Indian judges and magistrates the jurisdiction to try British offenders in criminal cases at the District level. It was never allowed before. The bill was later passed in severally compromised state and that is why, opened the eyes of Indians , who could understand that they were nowhere equal to the Europeans.

This question is a part of GKToday's Integrated IAS General Studies Module