Secularism is one of the fundamental tenets of Indian Constitution. With this reference, consider the following observations:
1. The constituent assembly adopted a preamble with express declaration of India being a secular state
2. In India, the parties with religious affiliations are banned from contesting elections
3. The constitution guarantees both individual and collective freedom of religion
Which among the above observations is / are correct?

Answer: [D] Only 3

The express declaration of India as a secular state came only with the 42nd amendment and only after that Preamble proclaimed India as a secular state. The second statement is NOT correct because we have “right to be free from religious rule” and not “freedom from religious rule” as such.

This question is a part of GKToday's Integrated IAS General Studies Module