Which among the following is / are consequences of zero population growth?
1. A growing labour force
2. Demographic dividend
3. Increasing old age dependency ratio
Choose the correct option from the codes given below:

Answer: [D] Only 3

The features of zero population growth are
1. Birth Rate equals death rate
2. Replacement level is met
Zero population growth is often a goal of demographic planners and environmentalists who believe that reducing population growth is essential for the health of the ecosystem. Preserving cultural traditions and ethnic diversity is a factor for not allowing human populations levels or rates to fall too low.
In the above question, first choice can be opted out easily with common sense. The choice is also not correct because zero population growth is seen with increase in elderly population which is opposite to demographic dividend. The third statement is correct.

This question is a part of GKToday's Integrated IAS General Studies Module