Which among the following is / are correct statements with respect to Shifting Cultivation as practiced in India?
1. India’s largest area under shifting cultivation is in the state of Arunachal Pradesh
2. In recent years, the cycle of shifting cultivation on a particular land has reduced drastically
Choose the correct option from the codes given below:

Answer: [B] Only 2

The current practice of shifting cultivation in the eastern and north-eastern regions of India is an extravagant and unscientific form of land use. According to a recent estimate, India’s 0.59 percent of the total geographical area is under shifting cultivation. The effects of shifting cultivation are devastating and far-reaching in degrading the environment and ecology of these regions. The earlier 15–20 years cycle of shifting cultivation on a particular land has reduced to two or three years now. This has resulted in large-scale deforestation, soil and nutrient loss, and invasion by weeds and other species. The indigenous biodiversity has been affected to a large extent. The current statistics say that India’s largest area under shifting cultivation is in the state of Odisha.

This question is a part of GKToday's Integrated IAS General Studies Module