What was / were the reasons of the Bengal Famine of 1942-43?
1. Japanese occupation of Burma
2. Damage to rice crops due to a fungal disease
3. Hoarding of rice
Choose the correct option from the codes given below:

Answer: [C] 1, 2 & 3

The year 2013 marked the 70th anniversary of the Bengal Famine which resulted in the death of an estimated 1.5 to 3 million children, women and men during 1942-43. A constellation of factors led to this mega-tragedy, such as the Japanese occupation of Burma, the damage to the aman (kharif) rice crop both due to tidal waves and a disease epidemic caused by the fungus Helminthosporium oryzae, panic purchase and hoarding by the rich, failure of governance, particularly in relation to the equitable distribution of the available food grains, disruption of communication due to World War II, and the indifference of the then U.K. government to the plight of the starving people of undivided Bengal.

This question is a part of GKToday's Integrated IAS General Studies Module