Consider the following statements:
1. Overgrazing is one of the major reasons for desertification.
2. If managed properly, grazing can increase wildlife diversity and the overall health of grasslands.
Which among the above statements is / are correct?

Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Overgrazing is one of the major reasons for desertification. By reducing the land’s ability to support life, desertification negatively affects wild and domestic animals, plant life, and people. Because it causes soil erosion while also affecting the ability of the soil to soak up water, the water loss drives away or kills local flora and fauna. Socioeconomic consequences for humans also result from desertification brought on by overgrazing. Whole human populations must move from land unable to sustain their animals and crops or provide water. The rippling effects from overgrazing can be seen from habitat destruction to war since people will fight for fertile land and crop resources.

Desertification is the downgrading of rich soil and land into dry barren lands. Deforestation, overgrazing, rain runoff, changing wind patterns driving away rain clouds, and bad irrigation practices.

Managed properly, grazing can increase wildlife diversity and the overall health of grasslands. When herds are allowed to graze rotationally for short amounts of time, they eat everything, not just the tender shoots; trample woody plants and weeds; and fertilize heavily before moving to greener pastures. This keeps the land healthy and supports native forage species. It also promotes areas of varied growth height, which support a variety of habitats and niches for diverse wildlife to fill.

This question is a part of GKToday's Integrated IAS General Studies Module