Why is thermal pollution a problem for marine organisms?

Answer: [B] Marine Organisms live in narrow temperature range and thermal pollution may breakdown their metabolism

Thermal pollution, the release of liquid or gas that increases heat in a surrounding area, has far-reaching and damaging ecological effects by impacting aquatic organisms and animal populations.

Cold-blooded organisms adapted to specific temperature ranges. If water temperatures change too much, metabolic processes break down. Unlike humans, who can adapt to wide temperature ranges, most organisms live in narrow temperature niches. Unlike humans, who can adapt to wide temperature ranges, most organisms live in narrow temperature niches and their metabolism breaks down at higher temperatures.

This question is a part of GKToday's Integrated IAS General Studies Module