What is / are main propositions of the “advaita” vedanta school of Hindu Philosophy?
1. It says that Supreme Cosmic Spirit is the One, the whole and the only reality
2. It advocates the neti-neti approach
3. It opposes Mimamsa school of thought
Choose the correct option from the codes given below:

Answer: [D] 1, 2 & 3

The doctrine of Adi Sankara is advaita vedanta. It is mainly opposing the Mimansa school of thought. Advaita (“non-dualism”) is often called a monistic system of thought. The word “Advaita” essentially refers to the identity of the Self (Atman) and the Whole (Brahman). According to Adi Shankara, God, the Supreme Cosmic Spirit or Brahman is the One, the whole and the only reality. Other than Brahman, everything else, including the universe, material objects and individuals, are false. Brahman is at best described as that infinite, omnipresent, omnipotent, incorporeal, impersonal, transcendent reality that is the divine ground of all Being. Brahman is often described as neti neti meaning “not this, not this” because Brahman cannot be correctly described as this or that.

This question is a part of GKToday's Integrated IAS General Studies Module