Which among the following is the major source of water for the industries in India?

Answer: [A] Surface water

Surface water is the major source of water for the industries (41%) followed by groundwater (35%) and municipal water (24%). The use of municipal water is limited to industries located in urban/ peri-urban areas (See Figure 1). A vast majority of industries use surface and groundwater in conjunction with groundwater being relied as a source when surface water availability is on a decline or is impacted by water pollution bound to have an impact on the industrial process.

This question is a part of GKToday's Integrated IAS General Studies Module