Consider the following art forms of India:
1. Ramman
2. Mudiyettu
3. Kalbelia
Which among the above are included in the UNESCO’s Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity?

Answer: [D] 1, 2 & 3

The following art forms find mention in UNESCO’s Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity:-

  • Kutiyattam is a form of Sanskrit theatre that originated in Kerala. It is recognised as a oral heritage
  • Vedic chanting which is considered the oldest unbroken oral tradition is also recognized as a oral heritage by UNESCO
  • All Sanskrit Dramas in their entirety are considered to be a cultural heritage
  • The performance of Ram Leela, which is the enactment of Lord Rama’s life as described in Ramayana
  • Ramman which is a religious festival and ritualistic theatre prevalent in the Garhwal Himalayas
  • Mudiyettu, which is a ritual theatre and fold dance drama performed in temples in Kerala, and is representative of the mythological battle between Kali and the demon, Darika
  • Kalbelia is a sensuous form of folk dance and song prevalent in Rajasthan
  • Chhau Dance is a tribal martial dance form found in Odisha, Jharkhand and West Bengal
  • Novruz, which is the observance of the Persian or Parsi New Year in India
  • Chanting of sacred Buddhist texts in the Ladakh and J&K region is also an oral cultural heritage.

This question is a part of GKToday's Integrated IAS General Studies Module