What provisions have been made by the Constitution of India to ensure co-operation between centre and states?
1. Seventh Schedule
2. Interstate Council
3. Zonal Council
4. Finance Commission
Select the correct option from the codes given below:

Answer: [B] Only 1, 2 & 4

The constitution has provided several instruments to ensure co-operation between centre and states. These are:

  • 7th schedule: It clearly demarcates central, state and concurrent list based on the principle of subsidiarity. Residuary power has been kept with centre.
  • Integrated Judiciary, All India Services: An integrated judicial system has been established to enforce both state as well as central laws.
  • All India services provide another uniting factor in co-operative federalism.
  • Under article 263 of the constitution Inter State Council has been established to discuss and investigate the subject of common interest between the centre and the states.
  • For interstate water disputes parliament can adjudicate for the same.
  • (Finance commission under article 280 of the constitution.

Zonal council are statutory bodies (Not constitutional bodies) established under the State reorganization act of 1956 to ensure co-ordination. It  provided for 5 zonal councils, one for each north, south, east, west, central. North eastern council has been created under separate act.

This question is a part of GKToday's Integrated IAS General Studies Module