Consider the monetary transaction in the below:
1. A doctor in India providing diagnosis, treatment and medical education in a remote part of Africa
2. A patient in UAE gets treatment in a hospital in Gurgaon in India
3. A smuggler sends gold from India to abroad via illegal channels
Which among the following is / are invisible exports?

Answer: [B] Only 1 & 2

Invisible export is basically export of services. The first statement (A doctor in India providing diagnosis, treatment and medical education in a remote part of Africa) is basically mode-1 of WTO’s GATS services trade. Statement 2 (A patient in UAE gets treatment in a hospital in Gurgaon in India) is mode-2 whereby the foreigner consumes services in India. So both these are examples of invisible export. Third one is incorrect.

This question is a part of GKToday's Integrated IAS General Studies Module