The birds not have respiratory trouble at the time of flying at high altitude. What is the reason for this?
Because flying takes a tremendous amount of energy, birds need to get lots of oxygen. The air sacs in their lungs help them to keep fresh air flowing in, unlike mammals, where the “old” air within the trachea and mouth (which has low oxygen content and high CO2 levels) in inhaled each time. Birds eliminate this “anatomical dead space” problem by using air sacs.
This question is a part of GKToday's Integrated IAS General Studies Module