In the Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZs):
1. the countries have exclusive rights to territorial sea up to 100 nautical miles from the baseline
2. foreign vessels have freedom of navigation
3. submarine pipes and cables can be laid down by foreign countries
Which among the above is / are correct statements?
Exclusive Economic Zones refer to the area from the edge of the territorial sea out to 200 nautical miles from the baseline. In this area, the country has sole exploitation rights over all natural resources. The most important reason to introduce EEZ was to halt the clashes over the Fishing Rights and Oil Rights. In the EEZ, the foreign vessels have freedom of navigation and over flight, subject to the regulation of the coastal states. Foreign states are allowed to lay submarine pipes and cables.
This question is a part of GKToday's Integrated IAS General Studies Module