A National Investment and Manufacturing Zones (NIMZ) in India:
1. is a self government and autonomous body
2. declared as Industrial Township as envisaged in Part IXA of the Constitution
3. Established via a parliamentary legislation
Which among the above is / are correct?

Answer: [A] Only 1 & 2

NIMZs have been conceived as large integrated industrial townships with state of-the-art infrastructure; land use on the basis of zoning; clean and energy efficient technology; necessary social infrastructure; skill development facilities, etc., to provide a conducive environment for manufacturing industries. To enable the NIMZ to function as a self government and autonomous body, it will be declared by the State Government as a Industrial Township under Article 243 Q (I) (c) of the Constitution. These NIMZs would be managed by a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) which would ensure master planning of the zone; pre-clearances for setting up the industrial units to be located within the zone and undertake such other functions as specified in the various sections of the policy. The policy mandates that the SPV in a zone will be headed by a senior government official and will include inter-alia an official expert conversant with the work relating to pollution control/environment protection.

The NIMZs are perceived to be different from Special Economic zones (SEZ) in terms of size; level of infrastructure planning; governance structure related to regulatory procedures; exit policies; fiscal incentives, etc. The proposals in the policy are generally sector neutral, location neutral and technology neutral except incentivization of green technology. Moreover, while the NIMZ are an important instrumentality, the proposals contained in the Policy apply to manufacturing industry throughout the country including wherever industry is able to organize itself into clusters and adopt a model of self-regulation as enunciated in the policy.

Nine NIMZs outside the Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor (DMIC) region given in-principle approval are (i) Nagpur in Maharashtra; (ii) Tumkur in Karnataka (iii) Bidar in Karnataka; (iv) Kolar in Karnataka; (v) Gulabarga in Karnataka; (vi) Chittoor in Andhra Pradesh (vii) Medak in Telangana; (viii) Prakasam in Andhra Pradesh; and recently at (ix) Kalinganagar, Jajpur district in Odisha.

Eight Investment Regions along the Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor (DMIC) project nodes have also been accorded in principle approval as NIMZs. The details are as under:

  1. Ahmedabad-Dholera Investment Region, Gujarat;
  2. Shendra-Bidkin Industrial Park city near Aurangabad, Maharashtra;
  3. Manesar-Bawal Investment Region, Haryana;
  4. Khushkhera-Bhiwadi-Neemrana Investment Region, Rajasthan;
  5. Pithampur-Dhar-Mhow Investment Region, Madhya Pradesh;
  6. Dadri-Nodia-Ghaziabad Investment Region, Uttar Pradesh;
  7. Dighi Port Industrial Area, Maharashtra; and
  8. Jodhpur-Pali-Marwar Region in Rajasthan.

The Progress made in the implementation of the National Manufacturing Policy (NMP) so far are:

  • The Government has made progress on the issue of rationalization and simplification of business regulations:
  • The States have been requested to identify land banks for setting up of the National Investment and Manufacturing Zones and to initiate the process of rationalization and simplification of state level business regulations.
  • Ministry of Labour and Employment has issued the advisory on simplification & rationalization of business regulations and skill development.
  • The Manufacturing Industry Promotion Board (MIPB), Green Manufacturing Committee (GMAC) and the High Level Committee (HLC) envisaged in the monitoring and approval mechanism of NMP have been set up.
  • A scheme component on Master Planning of NIMZ under the Plan ‘Scheme for implementation of NMP’ has been approved.
  • Guidelines for establishment of NIMZ and proforma for final approval of NIMZ has been prepared and circulated to all State Governments.
  • Definition of Cluster, and guidelines for dispensations for such Clusters outside NIMZ under the NMP has been prepared and circulated to all State Governments.

This question is a part of GKToday's Integrated IAS General Studies Module