With reference to the Geographical features of Himalayas, consider the following observations:
1. The Margalla Hills are the outermost range of foothills
2. The Mahabharat Zone is home to some of the deepest canyons in the world
Which among the above statements is / are correct?
Shivaliks or Churia or Margalla Hills are the outermost range of foothills extending across the Himalayan region through Pakistan, India, Nepal and Bhutan. This is mainly located along a Himalayan Frontal Thrust (HFT). The vegetation here is dominated by Himalayan subtropical pine and broadleaf forests. The Inner Terai valleys are open valleys north of Shiwalik Hills or nestled between Shiwalik sub ranges. Examples include Dehra Dun in India and Chitwan in Nepal. Lesser Himalaya: Lesser Himalaya is also known as Mahabharat Zone. The hills here range 2000 to 3000 meters and are located along the Main Boundary Thrust (MBT) fault zone. This zone is home to some of the deepest canyons in the world. The vegetation here is Himalayan subtropical forests.
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