With reference to the Government of India Act 1858, which among the following statements is / are correct?
1. A system of legislative devolution began in India with this act
2. The secretary of state was given responsibility to present a statements of Revenues and Expenditures in British India
3. The secretary of state was given the power to appoint Viceroy and Governor-General of presidencies
Choose the correct option from the codes given below:
The first statement is incorrect. A system of legislative devolution began in India with Indian Councils Act 1861 which was enacted 3 years later.
The second statement is correct. With this act, the Secretary of State for India was given the responsibility to lay the statements of Revenues and Expenditures (might be a prototype of Budget) in the British Parliament. The secretary of state had to present report on Revenue, Railways, Law and Construction before the House of Commons, the lower house of British Parliament. Without the permission of Parliament, except in emergency case, Indian revenue could not be utilized in military expedition/mission outside the Indian Territory. The British Parliament could ask questions from the secretary of state in governance and revenue. The parliament was empowered to criticize him and remove him.
The third statement is incorrect. The power to appoint Viceroy and Governor-General and governors of Presidencies (Bombay, Madras) was given to the British crown. The power to appoint Lieutenant Governor was given to Viceroy after getting approval from the British Government.
This question is a part of GKToday's Integrated IAS General Studies Module