The state finance commission(s):
1. are established by Governors of respective states
2. are enshrined in Part-VI of the constitution
3. recommends the distribution of taxes and revenues between various districts in the state
Choose the correct option from the codes given below:

Answer: [A] Only 1

The state finance commissions were added by 73rd amendment act, so they have been enshrined in article 243-I and 243-Y in part IX A and IX B. The primary concern of the State Finance Commission has been to suggest ways and means to strengthen the institutions of Local Governance. The  SFC  is constituted  with  a mandate to recommend  principles  and methodology  as regards the devolution of funds to PRI’s and ULB’s.

Article 243I of the Indian Constitution prescribes that the Governor of a State shall, as soon as may be within one year from the commencement of the Constitution (Seventy-third Amendment) Act, 1992, and thereafter at the expiration of every fifth year, constitute a Finance Commission to review the financial position of the Panchayats and to make recommendations to the Governor as to The principles which should govern

  • The distribution between the State and the Panchayats of the net proceeds of the taxes, duties, tolls and fees leviable by the State, which may be divided
  • between them under this Part and the allocation between the Panchayats at all levels of their respective shares of such proceeds;
  • The determination of the taxes, duties, tolls and fees which may be assigned as, or appropriated by, the Panchayats;
  • The grants-in-aid to the Panchayats from the Consolidated Fund of the State;
  • The measures needed to improve the financial position of the Panchayats;
  • Any other matter referred to the Finance Commission by the Governor in the interests of sound finance of the Panchayats.

Article 243Y of the Constitution further provides that the Finance Commission constituted under Article 243 I shall make similar recommendation vis-a-vis municipalities.

The Governor is required to cause every recommendation made by the State Finance Commission together with an explanatory memorandum as to the action taken thereon to be laid before the Legislature of the State.

This question is a part of GKToday's Integrated IAS General Studies Module