Consider the following statements in context with the Prion:
1. Prion is a kind of RNA Virus, which have been found to transmit some diseases in humans
2. One of the diseases, transmitted by Prions in humans is bovine spongiform encephalopathy (Mad Cow Disease)
Which among the above statements is/ are correct?
Prions are made up of Proteins and they have no RNA/ DNA. They are not viruses and are known to be the “proteins that cause infections”. Please refer to the wikipedia entry on Prions.Prions are infectious proteins that cause several brain diseases:scrapie in sheep, mad cow disease in cattle, and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in humans. A prion is a misfolded version of a protein normally found in the brain. If a prion gets into a normal brain, it causes all the normal proteins tomisfold in the same way. Prions are not cells and not viruses. However, because they are seriously infectious entities, they are classified with viruses.
This question is a part of GKToday's Integrated IAS General Studies Module