With reference to the Shramana movement of the ancient India, which among the following statements is / are correct?
1. It was a non-Vedic movement
2. The concepts of Samsara and Moksha are generally ascribed to it
Choose the correct option from the codes given below:

Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

The Shramana movement was a Non-Vedic movement parallel to Vedic Hinduism in ancient India. The Shramana tradition gave rise to Jainism, Buddhism, and Yoga, and was responsible for the related concepts of saṃsāra (the cycle of birth and death) and moksha (liberation from that cycle). Sramanism, emphasizing thought, hard work and discipline, was one of the three strands of Hindu philosophy. The other two included Brahmanism, which drew its philosophical essence from Mimamsa. The third and most popular strand of Indian philosophical thought revolves around the concept of Bhakti or Theism, based on the idea of God, as understood in most parts of the world.

This question is a part of GKToday's Integrated IAS General Studies Module