Consider the following statements with respect to the dissolution of state assembly under article 356:
1. Presidential proclamation dissolving a state legislative assembly is subject to judicial review
2. State assembly can be dissolved only after parliament approves central rule
Which among the above is / are correct statements?

Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

This question is based on the Supreme Court guidelines with regard to dissolution of a state assembly. The SC has laid down the following guidelines:

  1. presidential proclamation dissolving a state legislative assembly is subject to judicial review;
  2. if a state government works against secularism, president’s rule can be imposed,
  3. no wholesale dismissal of opposition ruled state governments when a new political party assumes power at the centre;
  4. if president’s rule is imposed only on political considerations the court can even restore the assembly;
  5. imposition of president’s rule and dissolution of state assembly cannot be done together
  6. state assembly can be dissolved only after parliament approves central rule;
  7. the Supreme court or a high court can compel the union government to disclose material on whose basis president’s rule is imposed on a state;
  8. the power of the president under Article 356 is a constitutional power , it is not an absolute power.

The existence of material is a pre-condition to form the satisfaction to impose the president’s rule.

This question is a part of GKToday's Integrated IAS General Studies Module