Which of the following is/are example for ex-situ conservation?
1. Botanical gardens
2. National Parks
3. Seed Banks
4. Wildlife Sanctuaries
Select the correct options from the codes given below:

Answer: [A] Only 1 & 3

Conservation can broadly be divided into two types viz., In-situ and Ex-situ Conservation. In-situ is conservation of habitats, species and ecosystems where they naturally occur. This is in-situ conservation and the natural processes and interaction are conserved as well as the elements of biodiversity. Ex-situ: The conservation of elements of biodiversity out of the context of their natural habitats is referred to as ex-situ conservation. Zoos, botanical gardens and seed banks are all example of ex-situ conservation.

This question is a part of GKToday's Integrated IAS General Studies Module