Consider the following statements:
1. Islands are home to one fifth of earth’s terrestrial biodiversity
2. Most of the vertebrate extinctions in last five centuries have happened on islands
Which among the above is / are correct statements?

Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Islands house a disproportionate amount of the world’s biodiversity: although less than 5 per cent of the world’s land area, they are home to over 20 per cent of the planet’s terrestrial biodiversity, and in the last 500 years, 80 per cent of vertebrate extinctions have been on islands.

This question is a part of GKToday's Integrated IAS General Studies Module