Which among the following is / are criteria of selection of Biosphere reserves in India?
1. It should be large enough to sustain viable populations representing all trophic levels in the ecosystem
2. It should be home to indigenous variety of flora and fauna
3. It’s core area should be a self sustaining biogegraphical unit
Select the correct option from the codes given below:

Answer: [D] 1, 2 & 3

The primary criteria for selection of sites for Biosphere Reserves as laid down in the Guidelines issued by the Government are ,a site that must contain an effectively protected and minimally disturbed core area of value of nature conservation and should include additional land and water suitable for research and demonstration of sustainable methods of research and management and the core area should be typical of a biogeographical unit and large enough to sustain viable populations representing all trophic levels in the ecosystem. The secondary criteria are areas having rare and endangered species, areas having diversity of soil and micro-climatic conditions and indigenous varieties of biota and areas potential for preservation of traditional tribal or rural modes of living for harmonious use of environment.

This question is a part of GKToday's Integrated IAS General Studies Module