Which among the following is / are benefits of Agricultural mechanization?
1. It increases productivity per farm worker
2. It enables efficient utilization of inputs
3. It increases number of farm jobs available
Select the correct option from the codes given below:

Answer: [A] Only 1 & 2

Economic Survey 5.35

Agricultural mechanization increases productivity of land and labour by meeting timeliness of farm operations and increases work output per unit time. Besides its paramount contribution to the multiple cropping and diversification of agriculture, mechanization also enables efficient utilization of inputs such as seeds, fertilizers, and irrigation water.

The greatest impact of mechanisation has been an enormous increase in productivity per farm worker – overall  production and production per hectare has grown considerably, but the total number of hours worked has fallen.

There has been a large drop  in the number of farmers and farm workers, and less work is now done by farmers’ families. The long-term pattern has been to replace  expenditure on labour with investment in machinery. One of the effects of mechanisation was to reduce the number of farm jobs available.

This question is a part of GKToday's Integrated IAS General Studies Module