With reference to recent trends in demography of India, a unique feature is a divided between different states. Consider the following statements with this respect:

1. There is a substantial fertility decline in the South India in recent years in comparison to North India

2. Average population age is greater in case of South India in comparison to North India

Which among the above is / are correct?

Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Economic Survey : 1.94:

A unique feature of India is the lag in demographic transition between different states. Due to the substantial fertility decline in the south during the last two decades, the south is ahead in the demographic transition compared to the north.

For instance, the projected average age of population in 2020 of 29 years has already been surpassed in some states like Kerala (33 years), Goa (32.3), Tamil Nadu (31.3), Himachal Pradesh (30.4), Punjab (29.9), Andhra Pradesh (29.3) and West Bengal (29.1).

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