The Antarctic Treaty System bans the following in the Antarctic:
1. Weapons testing of all kinds including nuclear weapons
2. Military activities of all kinds including peaceful purposes
3. Scientific Investigations
4. Sovereignty claims
Choose the correct option from the codes given below:

Answer: [A] Only 1 & 4

Articles of the Antarctic Treaty

Article 1 – The area to be used for peaceful purposes only; military activity, such as weapons testing, is prohibited but military personnel and equipment may be used for scientific research or any other peaceful purpose;

Article 2 – Freedom of scientific investigations and cooperation shall continue;

Article 3 – Free exchange of information and personnel in cooperation with the United Nations and other international agencies;

Article 4 – The treaty does not recognize, dispute, nor establish territorial sovereignty claims; no new claims shall be asserted while the treaty is in force;

Article 5 – The treaty prohibits nuclear explosions or disposal of radioactive wastes;

Article 6 – Includes under the treaty all land and ice shelves but not the surrounding waters south of 60 degrees 00 minutes south;

Article 7 – Treaty-state observers have free access, including aerial observation, to any area and may inspect all stations, installations, and equipment; advance notice of all activities and of the introduction of military personnel must be given;

Article 8 – Allows for jurisdiction over observers and scientists by their own states;

Article 9 – Frequent consultative meetings take place among member nations;

Article 10 – All treaty states will discourage activities by any country in Antarctica that are contrary to the treaty;

Article 11 – All disputes to be settled peacefully by the parties concerned or, ultimately, by the International Court of Justice;

Articles 12, 13, 14 – Deal with upholding, interpreting, and amending the treaty among involved nations.

The main objective of the ATS is to ensure in the interests of all humankind that Antarctica shall continue forever to be used exclusively for peaceful purposes and shall not become the scene or object of international discord. The treaty forbids any measures of a military nature, but not the presence of military personnel.

This question is a part of GKToday's Integrated IAS General Studies Module