The Great Barrier Reef was recently making news for mass coral bleaching. With this reference, consider the following statements:

  1. Great Barrier Reef is located in  the Pacific ocean
  2. The reef is home to species such as the dugong ('sea cow') and the large green turtle
  3. El-Nino has been one of the major reasons for mass coral bleaching of the reef

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Answer: [D] 1, 2 & 3

El Nino event led to long-term warming of the ocean water, and the warmer water temperatures resulted in coral bleaching. Great Barrier Reef is home to species such as the dugong ('sea cow') and the large green turtle.

This question is a part of GKToday's Integrated IAS General Studies Module