General Studies Mains Paper-4: Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude

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Last modified: Sep 14, 2017

Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships Nature & Scope of Ethics Ethics {origin from Greek word Ethikos} is a key branch of philosophy, concerned with systematic study of right or wrong human actions & conduct in the backdrop…
Last modified: Jul 06, 2017

Human Values, Role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values. Human Values and Value Theory Values are the guiding principles of our lives. They are essential for positive human behaviour and actions in our daily lives. They are formed on the basis of interests, choices, needs, desires and…
Last modified: Jul 06, 2017

Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behavior; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion. Basic Theory on Attitude An attitude is a learned tendency to evaluate people, issues, objects or events in certain way. Such evaluations are often positive or negative, but they can also be…
Last modified: Jul 06, 2017

Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service , integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker sections. Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance. Defining Aptitude An aptitude is a component of a competency to do a certain…
Last modified: Jul 06, 2017

Contribution of Moral Thinkers from India and World Socrates Socrates was the first systematic moral thinker, who led an exemplary life spending most of his time in philosophical discussion. He himself did not write anything. Instead he questioned people on philosophical issues, especially about the nature of the good life.…
Last modified: Jul 06, 2017

Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration.  Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate…
Last modified: Jul 06, 2017

Question Type-1: Lexicon Based Questions This type of the questions is based on some lexicons in ethics and generally, the questions are like this: What do you understand by ____? Discuss its importance in your life / public service. Differentiate between _____ and _____. To what extent ______ is important…
Last modified: Jul 06, 2017

Ethical Issues around Social Media Screening / Recruitments 1.      More and more recruiters are using Social media screening of the candidates during the recruitment process. In your view, is it ethical to watch the social media activity of aspirants while they apply for a job? Discuss. Today, social media is…
Last modified: Jul 06, 2017

Minimum Qualification Criteria in elections and Ethics 1.      "Governing a Panchayat requires the knowledge of the area, an understanding of people, having ethical values and being easily approachable." To what extent, you support the idea of fixing minimum educational standards for choosing panchayat representatives? Discuss. Part IX-A of the Indian…
Last modified: Jul 06, 2017

Introduction In the case studies questions, you would be presented with ethical dilemmas or situations. Theoretically, there are three major approaches that we might draw our answer from. The consequentialist approach focuses on the practical consequences of our actions. This approach may be summed up by the phrase “no harm,…