GS-III: Internal & External Security

Kashmir Policy: Appointment of Dineshwar Sharma as Interlocuter

October 25, 2017

The Union Government has appointed former IB chief Dineshwar Sharma as India’s representative to hold a ‘sustained dialogue’ with various stakeholders in Kashmir. Who is Dineshwar Sharma? Why he has been chosen for the task? Mr. Dineshwar Sharma is a 1979-batch (retired) IPS officer of Kerala Cadre, who had...


Shell Companies in India: Fundamentals; Issues and Policy Actions

October 17, 2017

The term shell company is derived from a shell which has an outer covering but nothing inside. By nothing inside means – it does no substantial tangible business. Here are some basic and general questions on shell companies. Is a shell company always illegal? A shell company may be...


Make in India – Defence: Review of Key Initiatives

September 20, 2017

Currently, India has the third largest military in the world and is the sixth biggest defence spender. Indian defence industry is dominated by defence public sector undertakings (DPSUs) and ordnance factories (OFs) which contribute about 90% of the total domestic defence manufacturing output. Need for Make in India in...


Net Security Provider: Concept, India’s Potential in Indian Ocean Region

September 4, 2017

The phrase Net security provider was first used by US Defence Secretary Robert Gates in the Indian context at the 2009 Shangri-la Dialogue. The US considered India as the pivot in the Indian Ocean and using such phrase for India could explain the US zeal to sell its military...

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Internal Security Concerns from Chinese Mobile Firms

August 26, 2017

This topic came into limelight during Doklam standoff when concerns were raised on presence of Chinese mobile makers and sellers such as Xiaomi, Lenovo, Oppo and Vivo etc. in India. Further, Chinese giant Alibaba has a stake in PayTM which owns major sponsorships including Indian Cricket Team and all...


Germany’s Network Enforcement Act

July 24, 2017

In June 2017, the German lawmakers passed a controversial “Network Enforcement Act”, colloquially called “Facebook Law” under which Facebook, Twitter, and other social media companies could face fines of up to €50 million ($57 million) for failing to remove hate speech. This law mandates the social media websites / apps operating in...



July 19, 2017

Cyber-security refers to specially designed codes or procedures through which the systems are protected against unauthorized access, viruses and potential hacking. It seems to be in constant mode of upgradation due to the newer challenges posed by cyber criminals. It had come under scrutiny during the recent cyber attacks...


Short Note: Petya Ransomware Cyberattack

June 25, 2017

Petya ransomware cyber attack had crippled computer servers all across the world locking up computer data. Ukraine and Russia are the worst affected countries of the cyber attack. The attack has also crippled some computers in the US and Western Europe. What is Petya Ransomware? Petya is a ransomware,...


Internal Security: Various Problems Faced by CRPF

May 20, 2017

The Central Reserve Police Force or CRPF is the largest of India’s Central Armed Police Forces. It functions under the aegis of Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) of the Government of India. The CRPF’s primary role lies in assisting the State/Union Territories in police operations to maintain law and...


Internal Security: How technology can help in surveillance in red corridor area?

May 7, 2017

Currently, the Maoists are active in at least nine out of the 28 states making the dreaded red corridor. Because the Maoist insurgency so far has been a purely indigenous, mostly localized phenomenon, each state has developed its own approach to tackling Maoist violence according to that state government’s...